Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Report Card
The Yates County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Formed in 1823, Yates is the smallest county by population in the region. Situated in the southeast corner of the region and home to three of the Finger Lakes, the county’s economy relies heavily on agriculture and tourism. Yates is the least diverse county in the Finger Lakes Region – with a population that is 97% white – but nonetheless has seen growth in its small Asian, African American, and Hispanic populations. Yates has the highest child poverty rate in the region, but fares well on other indicators of child well-being.
The unemployment rate, once among the lowest in the region, has struggled to recover from the Great Recession, and Yates’ average salary is by far the lowest in the region. However, Yates was the only regional county in which median household income rose from 2000.
Students in Yates perform worse on the Common Core-aligned state tests and graduate at a lower rate than most other counties.
Yates has a comparatively low crime rate, but a high mortality rate compared to other counties in the region.
Yates is the smallest county by population:
· In 2014, Yates was home to just over 25,200 residents, or 2% of the total regional population.
· The total population grew by 2.4% from 2000 to 2014, a smaller increase than the nation (13%) and state (4%) but above the region (1.6%).
Like other counties across our region and the state, Yates has an aging population, but to a lesser extent than some areas:
· Between 2000 and 2014, the number of adults aged 60-84 increased 30% and those 85 and older grew 26% - both smaller increases than the nation, state, and region.
· Over that period, Yates’ population under 20 fell 10%, below the 14% drop in the region, and the second smallest decline among regional counties.
Yates is the most racially homogenous of the Finger Lakes counties:
· In 2014, 97% of Yates residents were white, far above the 70% for the state and 83% for the region. White residents’ share in the surrounding counties as a whole was 93%.
· Between 2000 and 2014, the small populations of Asians, African Americans, and Hispanics have grown significantly.
The share of households married with children fell from 2000:
· In 2010-14, 19% of Yates households were composed of married couples with children, down 4 points from 2000. Over the same period, the share of single parents with children was about steady at 10%.
· The share of married couples without children increased from 32% to 36% from 2000 to 2010-14. Yates’ share was higher than in the nation (27%), state (25%), region (28%), and every other county in the region.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
In 2014, tourism revenue in Yates, at $2,480 per person, was almost twice the regional figure ($1,280) and well above every other county in the region. Yates’ revenue per person rose by 71% from 2005 to 2014.
In contrast, recreational spending was low in Yates ($23 per resident) compared to the state ($315) and region ($67), and was unchanged from the rate in 2005.
Children and Youth
Child poverty is higher in Yates than in any other county:
· In 2010-14, the child poverty rate in Yates was 24%, above the state, nation (both 22%), region (21%), and every other county in the region.
· The child poverty rate rose 2 points from 2000, a smaller increase than for the region (up 5 points) and close to the state and nation (both up 3 points).
Yates had a smaller share of single-parent families than in the state and region:
· In 2010-14, 35% of Yates families were headed by a single parent, on par with the nation and just below the state (37%) and region (39%).
· The rate was 5 points higher than in 2000, a smaller increase than for the region (8 points).
Yates’ rate of early prenatal care is an outlier among the region:
· In 2013, 55% of mothers received prenatal care in the first trimester, at least 20 points below the nation, state, region, and most regional counties. Yates’ rate has consistently been much lower than the state, nation, region, and every county in the region.
· The rate is down 3 points from 2000, in contrast to modest increases for the state and region.
In 2013, just 4% of Yates births were low birth weight babies, half the rate in the nation and state and below the regional rate of 7%. Yates’ rate was lower than every other regional county besides Wyoming.
Yates had a rate of child abuse and neglect in 2014 far above the region and state:
· Yates’ rate of 29 substantiated cases per 1,000 children in 2014 was higher than the state, region, and every county in the region besides Seneca. Yates’ increase from 2000 (83%) was also greater than for the state, region, and all other regional counties except Orleans.
The rate of teen pregnancy in Yates – 1.1% in 2013 – was lower than the state, region, and every other county in the region. The rate fell by 66% from 2000, a greater decrease than the state, region, and every other regional county.
The voter registration rate in Yates County was below the state, region, and most other counties in the region:
· In 2014, 75% of eligible Yates adults were registered to vote, just below the state figure (76%) and lower than the regional figure (79%).
· Yates’ rate fell by 12 points from 2000, a far greater decrease than for the state and region (both down 3 points over that period).
Yates’ voter participation rate is consistently on par or below the region but above the state:
· In the 2014 midterm elections, voter turnout in Yates was 35%, 10 points above the state and on par with the region. Yates’ rate was down 3 points from the 2010 midterms.
· In the 2012 presidential election, 49% of registered voters cast votes, above the state (46%) but below the nation (54%) and region (55%). Yates’ rate fell by 6 points from the 2008 presidential election.
The average charitable donation per tax return in Yates was $540 in 2013, below the nation, state, region, and most regional counties.
Yates has the second lowest unemployment rate in the region:
· In 2014, the unemployment rate in Yates was 5.6%, below the nation (6.2%), state (6.3%), region (5.8%), and every regional county besides Ontario and Genesee.
· Yates’ rate was 2 points above its low in 2000, but has made progress since the recession, falling by almost 2 points since 2010. Yates’ increase from 2000 was slightly larger than the nation and region, while its drop from 2010 was smaller than the state, region, nation, and every regional county.
Overall job growth in Yates far outpaced the region:
· Total jobs grew by 12% from 2001 to 2014, on par with the national increase and above the regional increase of 2%. Among regional counties, only Ontario had more growth (13%) during that period.
· The small number of total jobs in Yates (9,780) means that large changes for individual sectors can be misleading. However, there was positive growth in two of the county’s three largest sectors – Government and Manufacturing – in contrast to decreases for the region and state. In particular, Yates 4% growth in Manufacturing bucks the statewide and regional trend of severe losses (about 33% for both the region and state).
Yates’ average salary in 2014 ($31,900) was below the nation ($51,400), state ($65,900), region ($45,100), and every other county in the region. Yates’ average salary grew by 1% from 2000, greater than the region (which was flat) but below increases for most regional counties.
In 2014, 42% of eligible Yates children were enrolled in prekindergarten, below the state rate (44%) but above the region (40%). Yates’ rate rose by 32 points from 2001, a greater increase than the state and region (both up 29 points).
Yates underperformed the region and state on most Common Core-aligned tests but had higher scores on Regents:
· Yates had lower passing rates for 3rd grade English (20%), 4th grade math (40%), and 8th grade English (21%) than the region. The pass rate for 8th grade math was 1 point above the region.
· In 2014, 89% of Yates students passed the Math Regents, above the state (72%), region (70%), and every other county in the region. Yates students also scored higher than the state and region on the English Regents.
The graduation rate in Yates was 85% in 2014, above the state (79%) and region (84%), but below most counties surrounding Monroe.
Adults were less educated in Yates than the region:
· In 2010-14, just 51% of Yates adults had attended at least some college, well below the region (61%), state and nation (both 58%). The discrepancy was similar for the share of residents who had attained a bachelor’s or higher.
· Yates had a higher proportion of high school graduates (36%) than the region (29%), state (27%) and nation (28%).
Per-student spending by Yates districts was $19,900 in 2014, below the state ($21,800) but just above the region ($19,800). Spending has increased by 62% since 2000, more than for the state (44%) and region (39%).
Yates was the only county in which median household income rose from 2000:
· In 2010-14, median household income in Yates was $50,100, lower than the nation ($53,500), state ($58,700), and region ($57,800).
· Yates’ median income rose by 2% from 2000 to 2010-14, versus decreases for the nation (10%), state (5%), region (6%), and every other county in the region.
In 2010-14, 15% of Yates residents were below the poverty line, close to the state and nation (both 16%) and region (14%). Yates’ rate is 2 points higher than in 2000, a smaller increase than the region (4 points).
Yates had a very low rate of people receiving temporary assistance:
· In 2014, 1.0% of residents received assistance, versus 2.9% for the state and 3.4% for the region. Yates had the lowest rate among regional counties besides Wyoming.
· Yates’ rate rose by 0.4 points since 2001, greater than the regional increase (0.3 points) and in contrast to a 0.7 point decrease for the state.
In 2014, Yates had a higher rate of people receiving emergency food than the state, region, and every other regional county.
Yates has a higher rate of uninsured than the state and region:
· In 2013, 14% of Yates residents lacked health insurance, below the nation (17%) but above the state (12%), region (10%), and every other regional county.
Its rate of Medicaid enrollees (18% of residents) was lower than the state (27%) and region (20%) in 2013.
Yates’ mortality rate, while high relative to the state and region, has fallen since 2000:
· In 2013, Yates’ mortality rate was 691 per 100,000 residents, above the state (621) and region (670).
· Yates’ rate fell by 25% from 2000, a greater decrease than the state, region, and every other county in the region.
Home values in Yates rose more than any other county in the region:
· In 2010-14, the median home value in Yates was $121,600, below the nation ($175,700), state ($283,700), and region ($126,600).
· From 2000 to 2010-14, median home value in Yates rose by 16%, more than the nation (14%) and in contrast to a decrease for the region (down 4%). Yates’ home value rose more over that period than any other county in the region.
Yates was more affordable for renters relative to the region than homeowners:
· In 2010-14, Yates renters spent 32% of their income on rent, similar to the nation (33%) and below the state (36%) and region (35%) but 2 points above the 30% considered affordable.
· The ratio of median home value to median income was 2.0 in 2010-14, above the region (1.9) and most regional counties but well below the nation (2.6) and state (3.5). A ratio below 2 or 3 is considered affordable.
In 2010-14, 77% of homes in Yates were owner-occupied, a higher share than the nation (64%), state (54%), and region (68%). Yates’ rate was higher than most regional counties.
Yates had the second-highest rate of residential building permits in the region, with 2.2 per 1,000 residents in 2014. However, this was down 49% since 2000.
Yates’ rate of serious crimes dropped sharply from 2013 to 2014:
· In 2014, there were 122 serious crimes per 10,000 residents in Yates, below the national (296), statewide (207), and regional (243) rates.
· While the rate is only down 14% since 2000 – in contrast to decreases of a third for the state and region – the rate fell by more than 25% from 2013 to 2014, the largest decrease in the region and well above the year-over-year decline of 6% for the state and 8% for the region.
Yates was tied with Livingston for the lowest violent crime rate (7 per 10,000) in the region. Yates’ rate was well below the state, nation (both 37), and region (23), and was down 36% from 2000.
Yates had a similarly low property crime rate – 115 per 10,000 – compared to the nation (260), state (170), and region (220). Yates’ rate fell by 12% from 2000 to 2014.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research.