Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Report Card
The Yates County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Yates County is the smallest county in the Rochester region, but it brings in strong revenue from tourists and has had rising home values and the lowest unemployment rate through the recent recession. Despite relatively high rates of poverty, including among children, Yates has low participation rates in public assistance programs. Educational measures generally lag behind the region, state and nation, though Yates had a fairly high graduation rate.
The smallest of the 9 counties in the Rochester region with just over 25,300 residents, Yates County had a population growth of 3% from 2000 to 2012, the third highest increase in the region.
Like other counties across our region and the state, Yates has an aging population, but to a lesser degree than some areas. Between 2000 and 2012, the number of adults aged 60-84 increased 23% and those 85 and older grew 22%. Although the 85+ group represented only 2% of the total county population, the increase in both older groups highlights the growing need for sufficient elder care and support services. Yates’ population under 20 fell 7%, but that was less than the 12% drop in the region.
Yates is the most racially homogenous of the 9 counties with a population that is 97% white. Yet between 2000 and 2012, the county has seen increases in the numbers of Asian, African American and Hispanic residents.
About a third of Yates households were composed of married couples without children, a quarter was singles living alone, and a fifth was married couples with children, similar to the household makeup of other counties surrounding Monroe. These proportions changed only slightly since 2000.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
For its size, Yates had very strong revenue from tourists, bringing in nearly $60 million in 2012, or $2,370 for each resident. That was the highest per-resident level in the region, up 69% from 2005 and closest to the state ($2,930).
Yates County received the third lowest level of New York state arts grants among the area counties at 59 cents per resident in 2012, a 53% decline from the level in 2001. The number of arts teachers in public schools per 1,000 students was relatively high at 7.7 in 2012, above the region (6.4) and state (4.8).
Children and Youth
In 2008-12, 26% of children in Yates County were living in poverty, the highest level among area counties and above both the state and nation. However, a lower proportion of families were headed by single parents: 31% in Yates, compared to 37% in both the region and state and 34% in the nation.
Yates County had the lowest share of mothers receiving early prenatal care among counties at 54% in 2011. Yet, the rate of low birth-weight babies in the county was also relatively low at 6.6%, compared to 7.8% in the region. In a typical year, about 3% of children under 6 screened for lead exposure are found to have elevated levels in their blood in Yates County. This rate is much higher than rates in other regional counties, the state, and nation. Childhood lead exposure is linked to cognitive, behavioral and other problems.
Yates has had rising rates of reported child abuse and neglect, with more than 200 indicated cases (reports with credible evidence of maltreatment) in each of the last five years. That gave Yates the highest rate among area counties at 45 cases per 1,000 children in 2011. Yet foster care admissions have not been rising; the county reported 20 or fewer admissions each year since 2005.
Teen pregnancy in Yates has fluctuated up and down in the last decade, ending with a rate of 2.9% in 2011, below regional (3.6%) and statewide (4.6%) rates.
The voter registration rate in Yates County was one of the lowest among area counties at 75% in 2012, compared to 82% in the region. This was a decline from 87% in 2000. In presidential election year 2012, 49% of voting-age residents voted, slightly lower than the regional rate of 55% but above the state rate of 46%. The rate in Yates was down from 55% in the 2008 presidential election year.
The average charitable donation in Yates was just under $500 in 2008, below the average for all counties surrounding Monroe ($589).
Despite a rising unemployment rate, Yates had the lowest rate in 2012 at 7.2%, compared to 8.1% in the region and 8.5% in the state. Yates’ unemployment rate has been below the region’s since 2001. Total jobs have fluctuated up and down since 2000, with the number rising by nearly 2% in 2012 and a total of 17% over the decade. Yates had strong growth in the Professional and Business Services (30%), Construction (24%), Natural Resources (21%), and Leisure and Hospitality (18%) sectors, and experienced job declines in Manufacturing (10%) and Information sectors (63%).
Yates County's average salary, at $28,800 in 2012, was the lowest in the region and down slightly from 2000 after adjusting for inflation. Salaries fell in several sectors, including Trade, Transportation, and Utilities and Educational Services, but they were up substantially in Government, Leisure and Hospitality, and Financial Activities.
Yates had a higher graduation rate than the state but otherwise tended to lag behind in educational measures. About 80% of the class of 2012 in Yates County graduated on-time in four years, above the state rate (77%) but slightly below the regional (82%) rate. Yet Yates had lower passing rates on state exams than other counties in the region – for example, just 30% of 8th graders passed the new English exam linked to Common Core standards in 2013 and 10% passed math, compared to 37% and 29%, respectively, in the region.
Yates had one of the lowest rates of prekindergarten participation in the region in 2012, at 34% of 4-year-olds. This was lower than the rate for the counties surrounding Monroe (48%) and the state (46%).
The education level of adults was also lower, with 48% in Yates having some college or at least a bachelor’s degree, compared to 60% in the region and about 57% in both the state and nation in 2008-12. Per-student spending in Yates public schools was $17,500 in 2012, lower than the region and state.
Median household income in Yates County was lower in 2008-12 than in the nation, state, and overall region. At $48,200, the median income (adjusted for inflation) was up 1% since 2000 but remained the lowest among regional counties. The poverty rate was higher in Yates than any other county in the region at 16%, up 3 points from 2000.
Yet, Yates had the second lowest rate of participation in public assistance among regional counties at 9 people receiving Temporary Assistance per 1,000 residents, compared to 32 in the region and 29 in the state in 2012. Yates, along with Wyoming, had the lowest rate of assistance to children in the region in 2012 with just 23 children per 1,000 receiving public assistance, compared to 82 in the region and 72 in the state. Residents of Yates relied more on emergency meals: in 2012, 8 meals were served for every resident, higher than the region (6) but lower than the state (18) (excluding NYC).
Yates County had the highest share of people under 65 without health insurance in the region at 15%, though that was still below the nation’s 18% in 2010. Enrollment in the Medicaid program of health insurance for the poor and disabled was about the same in Yates as the region at 18% in 2012, though that was below the statewide level of 26%. Yates had more access to doctors than several other counties surrounding Monroe, with about 14 physicians for every 10,000 residents in 2010, though that was below the regional level of 28 and state level of 35.
Yates had the second largest decline in overall mortality in the region, with a drop of 23% from 2000 to 2011. There were declines in mortality for all the major causes of the death – 42% for heart disease, 30% for cancer, 28% for chronic lower respiratory disease, and 29% for stroke –though deaths due to chronic lower respiratory disease and stroke remained above the region and state.
Yates had the lowest rate of people admitted to alcohol or substance abuse treatment in 2012 among the counties and was about on par with the region in mental health clinic visits. About two-thirds of Yates residents were overweight or obese in 2008-09, above the state (excluding NYC) and national levels.
Yates had the biggest increase in home values from 2000 to 2008-12, with the median value rising 15% (after adjusting for inflation) to $117,000. The median was below the region, state and nation but above the median for all counties surrounding Monroe.
Yet homes in the county remained affordable. The ratio of home value to median household income was 2 in 2008-12; a ratio under 2 or 3 is considered affordable. This contrasted with ratios of 3.7 for the state and 2.7 for the nation.
Housing was also fairly affordable for renters, consuming about 32% of household income, though slightly above the 30% considered affordable. Overall, homeownership was high with 78% of housing units occupied by owners, above the state level of 54% and national level of 66%.
Yates had the highest rate of residential building permits in the region, with 3 per 1,000 residents in 2012. However, this was down 31% since 2000.
Serious crimes increased in Yates County over the last decade because of a rise in property crime. Property crimes increased 23% from 2000 to 2012 but the rate remained below the region, state and nation, while violent crimes were very low at a rate of 8 per 10,000 residents in 2012.
Yates had the second largest increase in responses to 911 calls among counties in the region, with a 50% increase from 2004-12. However, the county’s rate of fires has dropped 24% since 2001 to 46 fires per 10,000 residents in 2012.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research.