Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Report Card
The Yates County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
The smallest county in the region, Yates is home to Finger Lakes destinations and has strong revenue from tourists and rising home values. Its unemployment rate was the lowest among regional counties through the recent recession. Yet on some educational measures, Yates lags, with lower passing rates on state exams and a low rate of prekindergarten participation.
The smallest of the 9 counties in the Rochester region with just over 25,000 residents, Yates County had a population growth of 2.2% from 2000 to 2013, the third highest increase in the region.
Like other counties across our region and the state, Yates has an aging population, but to a lesser degree than some areas. Between 2000 and 2013, the number of adults aged 60-84 increased 26% and those 85 and older grew 25%. Although the 85+ group represented only 2% of the total county population, the increase in both older groups highlights the growing need for sufficient elder care and support services. Yates’ population under 20 fell 10%, but that was less than the 13% drop in the region.
Yates is the most racially homogenous of the 9 counties with a population that is 97% white. Yet between 2000 and 2013, the county has seen increases in the numbers of Asian, African American and Hispanic residents.
About a third of Yates households were composed of married couples without children, a quarter was singles living alone, and a fifth was married couples with children, similar to the household makeup of other counties surrounding Monroe. These proportions changed only slightly since 2000.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
For its size, Yates had very strong revenue from tourists, bringing in more than $60 million in 2013, or $2,430 for each resident. That was the highest per-resident level in the region, up 70% from 2005 and closest to the state ($3,020).
Yates County received the third lowest level of New York state arts grants among the area counties at 60 cents per resident in 2013, a 53% decline from the level in 2001. The number of arts teachers in public schools per 1,000 students was relatively high at 7.1 in 2013, above the region (6.6) and state (4.8).
Children and Youth
In 2009-13, 25% of children in Yates County were living in poverty, the highest level among area counties and above both the state and nation. However, a lower proportion of families were headed by single parents: 35% in Yates, compared to 38% in the region, 37% in the state and 35% in the nation.
Yates County had the lowest share of mothers receiving early prenatal care among counties at 47% in 2012, with the next lowest rate over 20 points higher. Yet, the rate of low birth-weight babies in the county was also the lowest among area counties at 4.3%, compared to 7.9% in the region. Yates’s rate of children under 6 with elevated lead levels has decreased, falling to 0.6% in 2012, compared to 0.8% in the region. Childhood lead exposure is linked to cognitive, behavioral and other problems.
Yates has had rising rates of reported child abuse and neglect, with more than 200 indicated cases (reports with credible evidence of maltreatment) in each of the last six years. That gave Yates the highest rate among area counties at 45 cases per 1,000 children in 2012, almost double the next-highest rate. Yet foster care admissions have not been rising; the rate has remained fairly low, at 2.7 per 1,000 children in 2013.
Teen pregnancy in Yates has fluctuated up and down in the last decade, ending with a rate of 1.9% in 2012, below regional (3.1%) and statewide (4.1%) rates.
The voter registration rate in Yates County was one of the lowest among area counties at 75% in 2013, compared to 79% in the region. This was a decline from 87% in 2000. In 2012, the last presidential election year, 49% of voting-age residents voted, slightly lower than the regional rate of 55% but above the state rate of 46%. The rate in Yates was the lowest of the past 4 presidential elections, all of which were 55% or higher except in 2012.
The average charitable donation in Yates was $570 in 2012, below the average for all counties surrounding Monroe ($650).
Despite a rising unemployment rate, Yates had the lowest rate in 2013 at 6.1%, compared to 7.1% in the region and 7.7% in the state. Yates’ unemployment rate has been below the region’s each year since 2000. Total jobs have fluctuated up and down since 2000, with the number rising 1.1% over the decade. Among major sectors, Yates had strong growth in Trade, Transportation, and Utilities (21%) and a 3% rise in Government in 2013 while Manufacturing remained flat. Among smaller sectors, Yates had growth in Construction (21%) and Financial Activities (32%). Yates County's average salary, at $30,600 in 2013, was the lowest in the region but up 3.3% from 2000 after adjusting for inflation. Salaries fell in several sectors, including Trade, Transportation, and Utilities and Educational Services, but they were up substantially in Government, Leisure and Hospitality, and Financial Activities.
Yates had a higher graduation rate than the state but otherwise tended to lag behind in educational measures. About 85% of the class of 2013 in Yates County graduated on-time in four years, above the state rate (78%) and the regional (82%) rate. Yet Yates had lower passing rates on state exams than other counties in the region – for example, just 25% of 8th graders passed the new English exam linked to Common Core standards in 2014 and 12% passed math, compared to 35% and 17%, respectively, in the region.
Yates had one of the lowest rates of prekindergarten participation in the region in 2012, at 34% of 4-year-olds. This was lower than the rate for the counties surrounding Monroe (48%) and the state (46%).
The education level of adults was also lower, with 50% in Yates having at least some college, compared to 60% in the region and 58% in both the state and nation in 2009-13. Per-student spending in Yates public schools was $19,000 in 2013, about even with the region and lower than the state.
Median household income in Yates County was lower in 2009-13 than in the nation, state, and overall region. At $49,340, the median income (adjusted for inflation) was up 2% since 2000 but was the third lowest among regional counties. The poverty rate was higher in Yates than any other county in the region at 16%, up 3 points from 2000.
Yet Yates had the second lowest rate of participation in public assistance among regional counties at 9.1 people receiving Temporary Assistance per 1,000 residents, compared to 33 in the region and 29 in the state in 2013. Yates, along with Wyoming, had the lowest rate of assistance to children in the region in 2013 with just 23 children per 1,000 receiving public assistance, compared to 86 in the region and 73 in the state. Residents of Yates relied more on emergency meals: in 2013, 14 meals were served for every resident, higher than the region (6) and state (7) (excluding NYC).
Yates County had the highest share of people under 65 without health insurance in the region at 14%, though that was still below the nation’s 17% in 2012. Enrollment in the Medicaid program of health insurance for the poor and disabled was 18% in Yates slightly lower than the region at 20% in 2013 and below the statewide level of 27%. Yates had more access to doctors than several other counties surrounding Monroe, with about 14 physicians for every 10,000 residents in 2010, though that was below the regional level of 28 and state level of 35.
Yates experienced a decline in overall mortality, with a drop of 13% from 2000 to 2012. There were declines in mortality for all the major causes of death – 42% for heart disease, 25% for cancer, 6% for chronic lower respiratory disease, and 38% for stroke –though deaths due to chronic lower respiratory disease, cancer, and stroke remained above the region and state.
Yates experienced an increase in the number of individuals admitted to alcohol or substance abuse treatment between 2012 and 2013, and the number of admissions rose 40% from 2007 to 2013. Yates was slightly higher than the region in visits to mental health clinics at 7 per 1,000 residents in 2011.
Yates had the biggest increase in home values from 2000 to 2009-13, with the median value rising 15% (after adjusting for inflation) to $118,200. The median was below the region, state and nation but above the median for all counties surrounding Monroe except Livingston and Ontario.
Yet homes in the county remained affordable. The ratio of home value to median household income was 2.0 in 2009-13; a ratio under 2 or 3 is considered affordable. This contrasted with ratios of 3.6 for the state and 2.6 for the nation.
Housing was also fairly affordable for renters, consuming about 30% of household income, equal to the 30% considered affordable. Overall, homeownership was high with 77% of housing units occupied by owners, above the state level of 54% and national level of 65%.
Yates had the third-highest rate of residential building permits in the region, with 2.3 per 1,000 residents in 2013. However, this was down 45% since 2000.
Serious crimes increased 16% in Yates County over the last decade, primarily because of a rise in property crime. Property crimes increased 21% from 2000 to 2013, but the rate remained below the region, state and nation, while violent crimes were very low at a rate of 6 per 10,000 residents in 2013 and down 47% from 2000.
Yates had the second largest increase in responses to 911 calls among counties in the region, with a 42% increase from 2004 to 2013.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research.