Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Data and Trends
Yates County Report Card
The Yates County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Yates County is the smallest county in the Rochester region, but brings in strong revenue from tourists and has had rising home values and the lowest unemployment rate through the recent recession. Despite relatively high rates of poverty, including among children, Yates has low participation rates in public assistance programs. Educational measures generally lag behind the region, state and nation, though Yates had a fairly high graduation rate.
The smallest of the 9 counties in the Rochester region with just over 25,000 residents, Yates County had population growth of 3.4% from 2000 to 2011, the third highest in the region.
Like other counties across our region and the state, Yates has an aging population, but to a lesser degree than some areas. Between 2000 and 2011, the number of adults aged 60-84 increased 23% and those 85 and older grew 22%. Although the 85+ group represented only 2% of the total county population, the increase in both older groups highlights the growing need for sufficient elder care and support services. Yates’ population under 20 fell 6%, but that was less than the 10% drop in the region.
Yates is the most racially homogenous of the 9 counties with a population that is 97% white. Yet between 2000 and 2011, the county has seen increases in the numbers of Asian, black or African American and Hispanic residents.
About a third of Yates households were composed of married couples without children, a quarter was singles living alone, and a fifth was married couples with children, similar to the household makeup of other counties surrounding Monroe.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
For its size, Yates had very strong revenue from tourists, bringing in nearly $60 million in 2010, or $2,350 for each resident. That was the highest per-resident level in the Rochester region and up 70% from 2005.
Yates County received the third lowest level of New York state arts grants among the area counties at 42 cents per resident in 2011, a nearly 70% decline from the level in 2001. The number of arts teachers in public schools per 1,000 students was relatively high at 8.2 in 2011.
Children and Youth
In 2007-11, 24% of children in Yates County were living in poverty, the highest level among area counties and above both the state and nation. However, a lower proportion of families were headed by single parents: 31% in Yates, compared to 37% in the region, 36% in the state and 34% in the nation.
Yates County had the lowest share of mothers receiving early prenatal care among counties at 56% in 2010. Yet, the rate of low birth-weight babies in the county was also relatively low at 6.4%, compared to nearly 8% in the region. In a typical year, about 3% of children under 6 screened for lead exposure are found to have elevated levels in their blood in Yates County. Childhood lead exposure is linked to cognitive, behavioral and other problems.
Yates has had rising rates of reported child abuse and neglect, with more than 200 indicated cases (reports with credible evidence of maltreatment) in each of the last four years. That gave Yates the highest rate among area counties at 38 cases per 1,000 children in 2010. Yet foster care admissions have not been rising; the county reported 20 or fewer admissions each year since 2005.
Teen pregnancy in Yates has fluctuated up and down in the last decade, ending with a rate of 2% of 15- to 19-year-olds getting pregnant in 2010, below regional and statewide rates.
Voter registration in Yates County was the lowest among area counties at 73% in 2011, compared to 79% in the region. This was a decline from 87% in 2000. In 2010, 38% of voting-age residents voted, slightly lower than the regional rate of 41% but above the state rate of 32%.
The average charitable donation in Yates was just under $500 in 2008, below the average for all counties surrounding Monroe ($589). Yet that was down just 13% from 2002, compared to a 25% decline in all surrounding counties.
Despite a rising unemployment rate, Yates had the lowest rate in 2011 at 6.9%, compared to 7.7% in the region and 8.2% in the state. Yates’ unemployment rate has been below the region’s since 2001. Total jobs have fluctuated up and down since 2000, with the number basically flat in each of the last three years (2009-2011). Yates had strong growth in the Financial Activities (33%) and Trade, Transportation and Utilities (18%) sectors, and experienced job declines in Professional and Business Services, Manufacturing and Information sectors.
Yates County's average salary, at $28,600 in 2011, was the lowest in the region and down slightly from 2000. Salaries fell in several sectors, including Information and Educational Services, but they were up substantially in Government, Natural Resources and Financial Activities.
Yates had a higher graduation rate than the region but otherwise tended to lag behind in educational measures. About 82% of the class of 2011 in Yates County graduated on-time in four years, above region and state rates. Yet Yates had lower passing rates on state exams than other counties in the region – for example, just 41% of 8th graders passed the English exam in 2012 and 37% passed math, compared to 54% and 63% in the region.
The education level of adults was also lower, with 48% in Yates having some college or at least a bachelor’s degree, compared to 59% in the region and 57% in both the state and nation in 2007-11. Per-student spending in Yates public schools exceeded the region at about $18,700, but was below the state level of $20,400 in 2011.
Median household income in Yates County was lower in 2007-11 than in the nation, state, and overall region. At $48,100, the median income (adjusted for inflation) was down 3% since 2000. The poverty rate was higher in Yates than any other county in the region at 15%, up 2 points from 2000.
Yet, Yates had the lowest rate of participation in public assistance among regional counties at 5.8 people receiving Temporary Assistance per 1,000 residents, compared to 32 in the region and 29 in the state in 2011. The same was true of assistance to children, with just 15.3 children per 1,000 receiving public assistance in Yates in 2011, compared to 81 in the region and 72 in the state. Residents of Yates relied more on emergency meals: in 2011, 9 meals were served for every resident, higher than the region (6) and state excluding New York City (8).
Yates County had the highest share of people under 65 without health insurance in the region at 15%, though that was still below the nation’s 18% in 2010. Enrollment in the Medicaid program of health insurance for the poor and disabled was about the same in Yates as the region at 17% in 2011, though that was below the statewide level of 25%. Yates had more access to doctors than several other counties surrounding Monroe, with about 14 physicians for every 10,000 residents in 2009, though that was below the regional level of 28 and state level of 34.
Yates had the largest decline in overall mortality in the region, with a drop of 26% from 2000 to 2010. There were declines in mortality for all the major causes of the death – 35% for heart disease, 36% for cancer, 64% for stroke – though deaths due to chronic lower respiratory disease were basically flat.
Yates had the lowest rate of people admitted to alcohol or substance abuse treatment in 2011 among the counties and was about on par with the region in mental health clinic visits. About two-thirds of Yates residents were overweight or obese in 2008-09, above the state and national levels.
Yates had the biggest increase in home values from 2000 to 2007-11, with the median value rising 18% (after adjusting for inflation) to $117,000. That was still below the region, state and nation but above the median for all counties surrounding Monroe.
Yet homes in the county remained affordable. The ratio of home value to median household income was 2 in 2007-11; a ratio under 2 or 3 is considered affordable. This contrasted with ratios of nearly 4 for the state and 3 for the nation.
Housing was also fairly affordable for renters, consuming about 31% of household income, close to the 30% considered affordable. Overall, homeownership was high with 78% of housing units occupied by owners, above the national level of 68%.
Serious crimes increased in Yates County over the last decade because of a rise in property crime. Property crimes increased 19% from 2000 to 2011 but the rate remained below the region, state and nation, while violent crimes were very low and fell to a rate of 5 per 10,000 residents in 2011.
Yates had the largest increase in responses to 911 calls among counties in the region, with a 52% increase from 2004-11. However, the county’s rate of fires has dropped 45% since 2001 to 333 fires per 10,000 residents in 2011.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research.