Every Child is Successful
What does this measure?
The percent of students tested who met or exceeded the state standard on the NYS Grade 3 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. Student performance is scored from level 1 to 4. The state standard is met by scoring at level 3 or 4 and is considered passing.
Why is this important?
Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.
How is our region performing?
In 2016, passing rates in the region were higher for white and Asian students (47% and 45%, respectively) than for Hispanic and African American students (19% and 13%, respectively). Although each racial or ethnic group increased their passing rates from the previous year, rates were still lower than their respective state average. The greatest disparities were among Asian and African-American students, whose rates were lower than the state averages by 16 and 18 points respectively. The rates in Monroe County were similar to the regional rates, each the same or higher than the region by a range of 2 to 7 points.
Among students in the traditional Rochester public schools, 27% of white students, 13% of Asian students, 7% of Hispanic students and 5% of African American students passed the exam, similar to rates in the previous year, with the exception of white students whose rate increased 13 points since 2015. The Rochester Charter schools performed much better, with passing rates of 44% for African American students, 62% for Hispanic students and 65% for white students (rates were not available for Asian students).
Counties outside of Monroe also had rates lower than state averages, as Hispanic and African American students had rates of 17% and 7%, respectively, and white students and Asian students passed at 40% and 29%, respectively. Among the counties that reported rates for every racial and ethnic group in 2016, Ontario showed a different rate distribution, with 69% of Asian students, 46% of white students, 17% of African American students and 15% of Hispanic students passing the 3rd grade ELA exam.
It should be taken into consideration that due to parent concerns about testing in schools, a large number of students did not take state exams in 2016 (also known as "opting-out"), which could affect overall achievement levels. Across the region, 25% of 3rd-8th graders opted-out of the NYS ELA exam. The rate in Monroe County was 27%, Rochester's rate was 12% and Seneca County was the highest among the surrounding counties, with an opt-out rate of 31%.
Notes about the data
Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In 2013, the state shifted to Common Core Standards and Common Core-based tests, and previously, in 2010 the state revised scoring of its tests, raising the threshold for passing. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills.
Subgroup data is not published for small groups (fewer than five students) in order to protect the confidentiality of students. New York State also suppresses data for the next largest group.