Education
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity

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Source: New York State Education Department

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who met or exceeded the state standard on the NYS Grade 3 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. Student performance is scored from level 1 to 4. The state standard is met by scoring at level 3 or 4 and is considered passing.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is our region performing?

In 2018, passing rates in the region were higher for Asian and white students (54% and 51%, respectively) than for Hispanic or Latino and black or African American students (26% and 23%, respectively). Rates for all racial/ethnic groups were lower than their respective statewide rates. The greatest disparities were among Asian and African American students, whose rates were lower than the state averages by 15 and 19 points respectively (Hispanic or Latino students differed from the state average by 14 points). In contrast, white students in our region were within 6 points of the state average. The rates in Monroe County were the same as the region for every group except for white students, who outperformed the region by 8 points.

Among students in the Rochester city school district, 29% of white students, 15% of Hispanic students and 14% of African American students passed the exam. Rochester charter schools performed much better, with passing rates of 48% for African American students, 55% for Hispanic students and 68% for white students (rates were not available for Asian students).

Counties outside of Monroe also had rates lower than state averages, as Hispanic and African American students had rates of 21% and 20%, respectively, and white students passed at 43%, respectively.

We note that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2018 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. In our region in 2018, 19% of 3rd-8th graders in the region opted not to take the English exam. In 2018, Greece Central School District had the highest opt-out rate, at 39%, while the Rochester City School District had the lowest rate at 6%. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have a significant effect on overall achievement levels and should therefore give caution to interpreting these results.

Notes about the data

Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In 2013, the state shifted to Common Core Standards and Common Core-based tests, making prior years' results non-comparable. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills. Due to the state's new two-session test design and performance standards, the 2018 grades 3-8 results cannot be compared with prior-year results, though results from 2013 to 2017 are provided for context.

Subgroup data is not published for small groups (fewer than six students) in order to protect the confidentiality of students. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2018
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS70%41%40%57%
NYS (excluding NYC)68%31%35%55%
Region54%23%26%51%
Monroe54%23%28%59%
Surrounding Counties69%20%21%43%
Genesee29%N/A27%50%
Livingston33%13%29%43%
Ontario69%9%21%45%
Orleans34%36%44%
Seneca13%32%
Wayne57%16%13%40%
Wyoming22%44%
YatesN/A45%
Rochester School District13%14%15%29%
Rochester Charter Schools48%55%68%
Batavia School District10%28%49%
Canandaigua School DistrictN/A23%47%
Geneva School District14%10%24%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2018
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS12,47512,81320,13738,710
NYS (excluding NYC)3,7603,6856,46730,402
Region1444463803,668
Monroe1444273212,096
Surrounding Counties919591,572
Genesee2010261
Livingston218190
Ontario9218385
Orleans1110130
Seneca277
Wayne4611332
Wyoming2119
Yates078
Rochester School District91759665
Rochester Charter Schools1404613
Batavia School District1570
Canandaigua School District0390
Geneva School District3414

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Student Performance on Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS49%18%19%39%
NYS (excluding NYC)52%15%19%38%
Region46%7%12%36%
Monroe46%7%12%43%
Surrounding Counties46%5%15%28%
Genesee29%N/A10%31%
Livingston33%9%23%
Ontario50%4%20%32%
Orleans13%17%29%
Seneca10%29%
Wayne57%3%14%27%
Wyoming20%27%
Yates11%24%
Rochester School District16%4%3%21%
Rochester Charter Schools3%34%30%
Batavia School DistrictN/A26%
Canandaigua School District31%33%
Geneva School DistrictN/A21%24%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.




Number of Students Passing Grade 3 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS8,6566,3679,17135,830
NYS (excluding NYC)2,9472,0043,30230,107
Region1481461453,054
Monroe1261391101,924
Surrounding Counties227351,130
Genesee202163
Livingston22118
Ontario14212318
Orleans4599
Seneca177
Wayne4110249
Wyoming278
Yates128
Rochester School District10521447
Rochester Charter Schools1127
Batavia School District039
Canandaigua School District472
Geneva School District0719

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data not available for some groups in some counties and districts. Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Due to major changes in 2013, previous results are not comparable but provided for context.







Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 80% 2016 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.0 2014-16 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.9% 2016 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 20% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2013-17 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 18 2017 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.3 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 13 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,368 2017 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $76 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 58% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Registered Library Borrowers 61% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.9 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 1.7% 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.3% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $54,972 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 2.3% 2018 3 0
Maintaining
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 25% 2018 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 16% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
EITC Dollars $177 2016 1 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 0.5% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 4.2% 2018 2 0
Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 3% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 74% 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,538 2017 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 44% 2017 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $22,208 2017 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $15,778 2017 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 43% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 48% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 41% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 45% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 78% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 85% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 87% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.4 2016 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 685 2016 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 52 2017 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 17 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 0.8 2016 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 3 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $133,156 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $827 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 30% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 34% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Rent Burdened Households 50% 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 10% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 214 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 28 2017 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 54 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 13.7 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2015 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 197.7 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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