Public Safety

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Source: Vera Institute of Justice

What does this measure?

The number of people incarcerated in local jails by race/ethnicity, expressed as a rate per 10,000 residents of that race/ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Incarceration serves to remove offenders from a community, but also creates hardships on families, including the loss of an income or a caregiver, in addition to long-term effects on mental health for all involved. After incarceration, people often encounter challenges in obtaining meaningful employment, leading to reductions in long-term productivity, recidivism and widespread effects on a community's social, health and educational systems. Disparities in this rate by race or ethnicity can highlight structural differences in how communities are affected and treated by the public safety and criminal justice system.

How is our region performing?

In 2015, our region had incarceration rates of 76 of every 10,000 for black or African Americans, 30 for Hispanic or Latinos, and 14 for whites. The state (excluding NYC) had a rate of 83 for black or African Americans, 19 for Hispanic or Latinos, and 14 for whites. The black or African American rate in our region was 5.5 times of that of whites in comparison to 6 times for the state (excluding NYC) or 4.8 times for the state with NYC. The region's incarceration rates fell from 2000 to 2015 for all races and ethnicity, though the largest decreases were for blacks and African Americans (40%). The state decreases were smaller for blacks and African Americans, and larger for Hispanic or Latinos. Unlike the region, the state saw increases in its white rate during the same period.

Monroe County's rates were lower than the region for black or African Americans and for whites, and similar for Hispanics or Latinos. However, its rate for blacks and African Americans was still 8.1 times that of whites (a larger gap than for the region, state, and surrounding counties). While Monroe County's rates for blacks and African Americans and whites decreased from 2000 to 2015, its rates for Hispanics or Latinos increased by 1%. The surrounding counties had similar rates for Hispanic or Latinos, but their incarceration rates of blacks and African Americans and whites were more than 1.5 times higher than Monroe County. Of the surrounding counties, Genesee and Wayne counties had the largest gap in black or African American and white incarceration rates (18.6 and 18.8 times that of white rates respectively), while Wyoming had the smallest difference in rates.

Notes about the data

Rates are for people in local jails at the county level and in prisons and county jails at the state level. Rates for subgroups at the state level only include the county jail population, not state prisons. National data reported here is missing five states that did not report.

Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS1.953.918.811.2
NYS (excluding NYC)3.683.219.213.8
Region0.475.530.213.7
Monroe0.568.530.68.5
Surrounding Counties0.0117.129.120.5
Genesee0.081.733.014.2
Livingston0.0157.812.124.5
Ontario0.0197.419.525.2
Orleans0.076.622.415.8
Seneca0.0106.084.027.7
Wayne0.0200.936.710.7
Wyoming0.04.59.026.5
Yates0.0238.183.127.3

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Rates are per 10,000 residents




Number of Incarcerated People by Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS23511,0664,7638,327
NYS (excluding NYC)1235,9091,6027,619
Region1673158876
Monroe1522123305
Surrounding Counties015135571
Genesee011450
Livingston025299
Ontario0376164
Orleans016338
Seneca017756
Wayne039958
Wyoming01165
Yates05341

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Figures are for the total jail population. The total jail population is the average daily population.




Incarceration Rate by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS1.873.633.39.9
NYS (excluding NYC)4.4107.031.711.5
Region3.7126.239.716.1
Monroe4.2126.430.313.5
Surrounding Counties0.0124.969.919.5
Genesee0.0252.582.413.6
Livingston0.029.634.615.6
Ontario0.0206.5103.523.1
Orleans0.0113.943.822.4
Seneca0.084.540.522.4
Wayne0.0233.9102.716.4
Wyoming0.08.557.018.5
Yates0.0431.0100.634.1

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Rates are per 10,000 residents




Number of Incarcerated People by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanLatino or HispanicWhite
NYS15414,4386,5367,724
NYS (excluding NYC)896,3481,5516,770
Region69601261,068
Monroe681574513
Surrounding Counties014553555
Genesee023550
Livingston05465
Ontario02714145
Orleans030656
Seneca06245
Wayne0481494
Wyoming02748
Yates05252

Source: Vera Institute of Justice
Notes: Figures are for the total jail population. The total jail population is the average daily population.







Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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