Public Safety
Serious Crimes

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Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

What does this measure?

The number of reported serious crimes per 10,000 residents. Serious crimes are defined by the FBI as murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft.

Why is this important?

Crime affects the quality of life of those who directly experience and witness it, and it also impacts the lives of others in a community who may feel threatened by it. Low crime rates may promote connections within the community, housing stability, and a community's attractiveness as a place to live, work and do business.

How is our region performing?

In 2020, there were 170 serious crimes reported per 10,000 residents in the 9-county region, similar to the state rate of 170. Regionally, serious crimes have declined 52% since 2000, greater than the 45% decline statewide. The lowest decrease was in Orleans (27%) with the highest in Wyoming (71%) since 2000.

Serious crime rates were highest in Monroe, at 199 crimes per 10,000 residents in 2020. Rates were lowest in Yates and Wyoming, 89 and 75, respectively. The City of Rochester has consistently had the highest crime rate in the area with a rate of 406 crimes per 10,000 in 2020, a decrease of 4% from 2019, and down 48% from 2000.

Notes about the data

Crime reports are never complete because not all crimes are reported, and some crimes in particular, such as rape and assault, are believed to be underreported. Data for this indicator are released in the third quarter.

Serious Crimes
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
NYS308292282271261256250241242233232230231220209199193185179173170
NYS (excluding NYC)271266261255246245245235239234234229229212201189182172157150145
Region351334337348336312316285280286291284286263244233219216190185170
Monroe434409412427418376375342336348352344340308285275252255224222199
Surrounding Counties219216218221208210224196191189196190200191178165166152134124122
Genesee270263279294303282293240241250244240243248258205218198165177141
Livingston2402522482722632913002381641531771661841681391381381271009592
Ontario198199203205175165181172178174185194200192200168171148133134135
Orleans156130149114148171216252256295248235217177164162182187148120114
Seneca207174181172166167168159188184187192241225207210185167136129130
Wayne229225216240232237242191214189210183198199175180179165164136146
Wyoming259275266234159165176151129118113126132123921038186836475
Yates142141158145130120149134112138187161169164128119128104987589
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester775732771813795745733641634623675665635579504485465475420422406
Regional Cities
Batavia356424518509489488440327325379363364401411445381397397298339263
Canandaigua216238228229N/A157174241309364326322333330238257236213221246
Geneva280314308307292351297294266280269311256282285318246248198201165

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.




Number of Serious Crimes
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
NYS585,173557,485538,910519,076500,640489,399477,867460,995464,691449,969450,432448,914452,361432,695410,179391,447377,987363,138349,074336,813342,453
NYS (excluding NYC)297,178293,260288,279282,861273,764272,267272,345261,054266,272261,612262,328257,248256,608238,340224,988211,499203,585191,890174,910166,693165,134
Region42,09740,29840,74642,06740,72437,65538,21134,51233,93334,76235,43934,61334,82932,03329,63128,21626,44125,95922,82322,16220,804
Monroe31,93430,23630,54331,68830,94727,77927,68225,27824,90425,85626,18625,66625,41023,07621,32420,52918,76418,94916,65516,48215,146
Surrounding Counties10,16310,06210,20310,3799,7779,87610,5299,2349,0298,9069,2538,9479,4198,9578,3077,6877,6777,0106,1685,6805,658
Genesee1,6341,5851,6831,7781,8251,6931,7541,4411,4461,4971,4621,4391,4531,4671,5161,1991,2631,1439461,015822
Livingston1,5521,6421,6141,7731,7251,9021,9631,5611,0759981,1571,0741,1951,088896885886809635600566
Ontario1,9762,0112,0672,1031,8061,7251,8891,8141,8971,8701,9952,1032,1752,0962,1821,8351,8661,6231,4621,4711,514
Orleans6895726494986467459401,0911,1071,2661,0631,003920747687673749764600486461
Seneca689606636606586587590565665651660681853794721730643571465440438
Wayne2,1512,1132,0202,2552,1822,2182,2671,7842,0081,7741,9661,7091,8431,8421,6041,6441,6231,4951,4821,2241,332
Wyoming1,1241,1851,1451,006681704753641547500476528552510380422327346333257304
Yates348348389360326302373337284350474410428413321299320259245187221
Monroe County Local Areas
Rochester17,06416,11416,91117,74217,24016,01715,66513,62713,43213,15514,21213,98813,36112,16010,54610,1079,6589,8068,6538,6888,578
Regional Cities
Batavia586690839820782773692512506587559556610618663564582578432487411
Canandaigua245268255254N/A170187257327385344338349345248265243218224260
Geneva385427419417395474398392354372357412338371374413314317252254211

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 78% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 8.4% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.9 2017-19 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.8% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 19% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2016-20 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 20 2020 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 1.8 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 1.3% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 12 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $894 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Recreation Spending $52 2020 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 83% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Voter Participation Rate 64% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Registered Library Borrowers 58% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 5.4 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 0.8% 2019 2 -1
Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 1.9% 2020 2 1
Increasing
Population by Age 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $61,376 2016-20 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 13% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 1.7% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 24% 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Females Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Seniors Living in Poverty, by Sex 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Households Receiving SNAP 13% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Female Seniors Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 15% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
EITC Dollars $173 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Change in Total Jobs -8% 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 8.1% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 12% 2020 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 60% 2016-20 2 -1
Decreasing
Prekindergarten Participation 58% 2020 3 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $23,561 2020 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $16,983 2020 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 2021 0 -1
Decreasing
Grade 3 English 44% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 39% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 49% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2019 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 83% 2019 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 89% 2021 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2021 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 4% 2019 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 35.3 2019 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 693 2019 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 55 2018 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 18 2018 3 -1
Decreasing
Maternal Health, by Race/Ethnicity 2016-18 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Early Syphilis Rates 1.8 2018 3 1
Increasing
Early Syphilis Rates within Monroe County, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2019 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2019 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 2.5 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $143,640 2016-20 1 1
Increasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $896 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.3 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 28% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 32% 2016-20 3 10 Not Applicable*
Rent Burdened Households 47% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2016-20 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2016-20 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2016-20 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 170 2020 3 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 24 2020 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 57 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 8.7 2020 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 130.1 2020 2 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2020 0 10 Not Applicable*
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,731 2019 0 1
Increasing
Female to Male Earnings Ratio 0.68 2016-20 3 0
Maintaining
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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