Public Safety
Serious Crimes

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Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services

What does this measure?

The number of reported serious crimes per 10,000 residents. Serious crimes are defined by the FBI as murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft.

Why is this important?

Crime affects the quality of life of those who directly experience and witness it, and it also impacts the lives of others in a community who may feel threatened by it. Low crime rates may promote connections within the community, housing stability, and a community's attractiveness as a place to live, work and do business.

How is our region performing?

In 2017, there were 214 serious crimes reported per 10,000 residents in the 9-county region, higher than the state rate of 181. Regionally, serious crimes have declined 39% since 2000, less than the 41% decline statewide. The only exceptions to county-wide decreases were in Orleans where the rate increased 19%.

Serious crime rates were highest in Monroe, averaging about 349 crimes per 10,000 residents since 2000. Rates were lowest in Yates and Wyoming, averaging about 140 and 155, respectively, over the same time period. The City of Rochester has consistently had the highest crime rate in the area with a rate of 471 crimes per 10,000 in 2017, an increase of 2% from 2016, and down 39% from 2000.

Notes about the data

Crime reports are never complete because not all crimes are reported, and some crimes in particular, such as rape and assault, are believed to be underreported. Data for this indicator are released in the third quarter.

Serious Crimes
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States412417413408399391384375367348336329325311294287284275
NYS308292282271261256250241242233232230230219207197190182
NYS (excluding NYC)271266261255246245245235239234234229228212200188181169
Region351334337348336312316285280286291284286263243232218214
Monroe434409412427418376375342336348352343339308284274251253
Surrounding Counties219216218221208210224196191189196190200191178165165151
Genesee270263279294303282293240241250244240243248258205217197
Livingston240252248272263291300238164153177166184168139137138127
Ontario198199203205175165181172178174185194200192199168170148
Orleans156130149114148171216252256295248235217177164162181186
Seneca207174181172166167168159188184187193241225207210185165
Wayne229225216240232237242191214189210183198199175180178164
Wyoming259275266234159165176151129118113126132123921038185
Yates142141158145130120149134112138187161169164128119128104
Rochester775732771813795745733641634623675663634577502482463471
Batavia356424518509489488440327325379363363400410444379395394
Canandaigua216238228229N/A157174241309364326322331330238256235
Geneva280314308307292351297294266280269311256281285316242246

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Figures are serious crimes per 10,000 residents. Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.




Number of Serious Crimes
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States11,608,07011,876,66911,878,95411,826,53811,679,47411,565,49911,454,72411,305,18211,168,61310,662,95610,363,87310,258,74810,219,0499,820,1909,362,0329,223,4259,178,6928,941,407
NYS585,173557,485538,910519,076500,640489,399477,867460,995464,691449,970450,430448,909452,365432,678410,170391,416377,855361,510
NYS (excluding NYC)297,178293,260288,279282,861273,764272,267272,345261,054266,272261,613262,326257,243256,612238,323224,979211,468203,453190,262
Region42,09740,29840,74642,06740,72437,65538,21134,51233,93334,76235,43934,61334,82932,03129,63228,21626,43425,941
Monroe31,93430,23630,54331,68830,94727,77927,68225,27824,90425,85626,18625,66625,41023,07621,32420,53118,76218,945
Surrounding Counties10,16310,06210,20310,3799,7779,87610,5299,2349,0298,9069,2538,9479,4198,9558,3087,6857,6726,996
Genesee1,6341,5851,6831,7781,8251,6931,7541,4411,4461,4971,4621,4391,4531,4671,5181,1991,2631,142
Livingston1,5521,6421,6141,7731,7251,9021,9631,5611,0759981,1571,0741,1951,088896885886809
Ontario1,9762,0112,0672,1031,8061,7251,8891,8141,8971,8701,9952,1032,1752,0942,1821,8351,8661,622
Orleans6895726494986467459401,0911,1071,2661,0631,003920747687673749763
Seneca689606636606586587590565665651660681853794721730643568
Wayne2,1512,1132,0202,2552,1822,2182,2671,7842,0081,7741,9661,7091,8431,8421,6031,6421,6181,487
Wyoming1,1241,1851,1451,006681704753641547500476528552510380422327346
Yates348348389360326302373337284350474410428413321299320259
Rochester17,06416,11416,91117,74217,24016,01715,66513,62713,43213,15514,21213,98813,36112,16010,54610,1079,6589,807
Batavia586690839820782773692512506587559556610618665564582578
Canandaigua245268255254N/A170187257327385344338347345248265242
Geneva385427419417395474398392354372357412338371374413314317

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Notes: Canandaigua did not report in 2004 and 2005.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 80% 2016 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable*
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights 7% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Babies Born with Low Birth Weights, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Infant Mortality Rate 6.0 2014-16 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.7% 2015 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 20% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Single-Parent Families 39% 2013-17 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 18 2016 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.1 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Births 14 2016 2 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tourism Spending $1,368 2017 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $76 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 81% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate 58% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Registered Library Borrowers 63% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 6.0 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income 1.7% 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.9% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16 to 19 6% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $54,972 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living in Poverty 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Public Assistance Recipients 2.6% 2017 3 0
Maintaining
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 26% 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 16% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
EITC Dollars $177 2016 1 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 0.5% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Jobs by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Unemployment Rate 5% 2017 2 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Average Salary by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 3% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Employment-to-Population Ratio 73% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,538 2017 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 44% 2017 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $22,208 2017 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $15,778 2017 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 43% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math 48% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English 41% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Grade 8 Math 45% 2018 2 -1
Decreasing
Regents Algebra 1 73% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 78% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 85% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 87% 2018 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2018 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.4 2016 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 685 2016 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 52 2017 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
Gonorrhea Rate 17 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Gonorrhea Rates, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with HIV 104 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
People Living with AIDS 132 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 2016 0 10 Not Applicable*
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable*
Alcohol-related Crashes 3 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $133,156 2013-17 1 -1
Decreasing
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
Median Rental Prices $827 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2013-17 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Overall Housing Cost Burden 30% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 34% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Homeownership Rate 68% 2013-17 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 2013-17 0 10 Not Applicable*
Vacant Housing Units 10% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable*
Serious Crimes 214 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 28 2017 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 54 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 13.7 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2015 0 10 Not Applicable*
Arrest Rates 197.7 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 2017 0 10 Not Applicable*
*No or multiple regional values for this indicator


Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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