Livingston County Data and Trends
Livingston County Data and Trends
Livingston County Report Card
The Livingston County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Livingston County, formed from parts of Genesee and Ontario counties in 1821, is home to some of the region’s most picturesque Finger Lakes landscapes, as well as the highly ranked Liberal Arts College, SUNY Geneseo. Letchworth State Park, popularly referred to as the “Grand Canyon of the East”, is a 14,000 acre destination that boasts a diverse range of terrain, hiking trails, and other outdoors activities. Letchworth was given the USA Today Reader’s Choice award in 2015 for best state park in the nation. Livingston County has had growth in many sectors of the economy and falling crime rates over the past decade, despite the economic downturn caused by the recession of 2008. The teen pregnancy rate in the county is the second lowest in the region at 1.4%. Livingston had one of the highest graduation rates in the region in 2014 at 88%, but performance on state tests was mixed.
Livingston County's population grew by 0.4% between 2000 and 2014, versus an increase of 1.6% for the region, 4.1% for the state and 13% for the nation. In 2014, Livingston County was home to just under 64,600 residents, or about 5% of the total regional population. Similar to other counties in the upstate region, Livingston County has an aging population:
Similar to other counties in the upstate region, Livingston County has an aging population:
- Between 2000 and 2014, the number of residents younger than 20 years declined 16% and the 20-to-39 range declined 12%.
- The number of adults 85+ increased 58%, greater than the 38% for the region and the state, and 45% in the nation.
- The 40-to-59 age group has become the largest in the county, accounting for 28% of the county's population, close to the 27% share for both the state and nation.
- The 60-84 age group grew by 48% from 2000 to 2014, well above the region (35%), state (25%), and every other county besides Ontario.
With the Baby Boomers approaching retirement, Livingston County will face a growing need for sufficient elder care and support services.
Despite an increase in the number of Hispanic and Asian residents, Livingston County remains overwhelmingly white:
- From 2000 to 2014, the Hispanic population grew by 52% and the small Asian population grew by 82%; over the same period, the white population fell by 1% and the African American population fell by 3%.
- Whites made up 94% of the population in 2014, while African Americans and Hispanics both had a share of 3%.
In 2010-14, 31% of Livingston County households were comprised of married couples without children, 20% were married couples with children, and 27% were people living alone. Livingston’s share of households living with relatives (3%) was lower than the state, nation, region, and every regional county, while its share of households living with nonrelatives, at 8%, was higher than the state, nation, and region.
Arts, Culture, and Leisure
Livingston County attracted less tourism spending per capita than all other counties in the region besides Orleans and Wayne. In 2014, tourism spending amounted to $740 per resident, for a countywide total of $47.8 million. Livingston’s rate was below the region ($1,280) and state ($3,160).
In 2014, recreational spending per resident was the lowest in the region ($19) besides Wayne County. It was also less than a third of the regional rate ($67) and well below the state rate of $315.
Children and Youth
From 2000 to 2013, the share of mothers receiving prenatal care in the first trimester fell by 3 points to 77%. It currently stands above the state (75%) and nation (74%) but slightly below the region (78%).
While not as severe as the state, nation, and region, the child poverty rate in Livingston County has risen from 10% in 2000 to 19% in 2010-14:
- Livingston’s rate rose by just 1 point from 2000 to 2005-09, but then rose by 8 points from 2005-09 to 2010-14 (a larger increase over that period than the state, nation, region, and every other county in the region).
Single parent families have also been on the rise in Livingston:
- The proportion of families raised by single parents rose by 8 points from 28% in 2000 to 36% in 2010-14, a larger increase than the state and nation and on par with the increase for the region.
- In 2010-14, Livingston’s rate was higher than the nation (35%) but lower than the state and region (37% and 39% respectively).
In 2014, Livingston had a comparatively low rate of foster care admissions:
- Livingston’s rate in 2014 was 2.3 admissions per 1,000 children – on par with the state and lower than the region (2.4) and nation (5.4).
- The rate – partly due to a small number of total admissions – has fluctuated substantially over the years since 2000, but currently stands at 6% above its rate in 2000 (2.2). This compares to a drop in the region and state but an increase in the nation.
Livingston’s rate of child abuse and neglect in 2014 (18.4 per 1,000 children) was higher than the state and region but lower than all of the counties in the region except Monroe. The rate has increased 27% since 2000: above the regional increase of 5%.
The proportion of low birth weight babies has remained fairly steady – between 5% and 7% - between 2000 and 2013. In 2013, 5% of births are low-weight in Livingston, below the region (7%), state, and nation (both 8%).
Livingston County had the second lowest teen pregnancy rate in the region (1.4%) in 2013. In the years since 2000 – during which the rate fell by 55% - Livingston’s rate has consistently been below the state, region, and most other counties in the region.
In 2014, voter registration in Livingston County (76%) was slightly below the regional rate (79%) but even with the overall state rate.
In the 2012 presidential election, voter turnout was 51%, a lower rate in Livingston than the prior two presidential elections. Livingston County had a lower rate of voter turnout than the region (55%) and nation (54%), but exceeding the state rate of 46%. Livingston’s turnout rate for the 2014 midterm elections was 36%, the lowest of the past four midterm elections, but still above the state (25%) and region (35%).
Following the regional trend, average charitable giving in Livingston County decreased from 2002 to 2013. The average annual charitable contribution in 2013 was about $610, below the regional level of $910 and the state level of $1,640, and a decline of 29% from 2002 levels.
Like the state, region, and nation, Livingston’s unemployment rate soared during the Great Recession and its aftermath. While it has recovered somewhat, it is still almost 2 points higher than in 2000:
- Unemployment jumped from 4.9% in 2007 to a high of 8.4% in 2009, but has since fallen to 5.8% in 2014. The total increase from 2000 to 2014 of 1.7 points is smaller than the nation, state, and region.
- Livingston’s rate in 2014 was lower than the nation (6.2%) and state (6.3%), and even with the region as a whole.
Livingston’s job growth since 2001 has lagged behind the nation and state, but outperformed the region as a whole. Some sectors did better than others:
- Livingston has seen total job growth of 5% from 2001 to 2014, above the regional rate of 2% but well below the state and national rates (13% and 12% respectively).
- Livingston’s total number of jobs fell less (9%) than the nation (23%), state (33%), and region (34%) in the Manufacturing sector, and grew more than the state, nation, and region in the Construction and Financial Activities sectors. Livingston’s Information sector jobs grew modestly (4%) from 2001 to 2014, in stark contrast to double-digit declines in the state, nation, region, and each county in the region.
- Job growth in Livingston was outperformed by the state, nation and region in the Education and Health Care sectors.
Average salaries have grown at a rate far behind the nation and state, but ahead of the region, from 2000:
- The average salary in Livingston County, adjusted for inflation, has grown by just 1.4% from 2000 to 2014. While ahead of the regional rate of 0.2%, Livingston’s rate was lower than the nation and state. Livingston has performed particularly poorly when compared to the surrounding counties as a whole (9.5% increase in salary).
- Livingston’s average salary in 2014, at $35,800, was the second lowest in the region after Yates and was well below the region ($45,100), state ($65,900), and nation ($51,400).
Livingston County has made great progress in Pre-kindergarten participation, but still lags behind the state and region:
- Livingston County's pre-kindergarten participation increased dramatically from 4% in 2001 to 29% in 2014.
- Livingston’s rate of participation was lower than the state (44%) and the region (40%) in 2014. Its increase of 25 points was lower than the state and region (both 29 points).
Passing rates for the common-core aligned tests were generally better than the state and the region:
- Livingston’s pass rate in 2015 for 3rd grade reading was 31%, on par with the state and above the regional rate. For 4th grade math, Livingston outperformed both the state and the region.
- Students in 8th grade also fared better than their counterparts in the state and region in both reading and math, and Livingston had the highest pass rate in the region in 8th grade math.
Livingston had among the highest graduation rates in the region in 2014 at 88%; this is an increase of 3 points from 2008. The graduation rate in 2014 was above the state (79%) and region (84%).
Livingston adults were less educated than in the state and region:
- In 2010-14, 54% of adults had attended at least some college, below the state and national rates of 58% and the regional rate of 61%.
- Livingston’s most educated – those with a bachelor’s degree or higher – made up just 24% of the population, as compared to 29% for the nation, 34% for the state, and 31% for the region.
Per-student spending on education (this includes instruction, administration, transportation, etc.) has risen by 46% from 2000 to $20,000 in 2014. This was marginally higher than the region ($19,800) but below the state ($21,800).
Livingston has seen its median income drop since 2000:
- From 2000 to 2010-14, Livingston’s median income fell by 13% to $52,200, compared to a national and statewide decreases of 10% and 5% respectively. Within the region, only Wayne and Monroe counties had larger decreases in their income over that time period.
- Livingston’s median income in 2010-14 was below the national ($53,500), state ($58,700), and regional ($52,300) levels. This is a change from 2005-09, when Livingston households had a higher income than the nation and the region.
Livingston’s poverty rate has increased steadily since 2000:
- In 2010-14, the poverty rate in Livingston was 15%, slightly below the state and the nation (both 16%) and above the region (14%).
- The total increase since 2000 of 5 points was above the national, state, and regional increases over that period.
The percentage of people receiving temporary assistance has increased by 1 point from 2001 to 2014, more than the state and the region:
- Every county (besides Wyoming) in the region saw an increase in their rates from 2001 to 2014, but the increase has been largest in Livingston. For comparison, over that period, the state rate decreased 0.7 points and the region’s rate has increased 0.3.
- Livingston’s rate of 2.5% in 2014 is lower than the state and region but higher than many of the counties surrounding Monroe.
The rate of people receiving emergency meals has grown but remains comparatively low:
- In 2014, there were 4.7 emergency meals served per resident in Livingston, well below the state (7.4), region (7.1), and every other county in the region.
- The rate has more than tripled from 2000 to 2014, a larger increase than the state and region.
The rate of uninsured has fallen and is lower than the state, region and nation:
- In 2013, 9% of Livingston residents were uninsured, well below the national (17%) and state (12%) rates and slightly below the regional rate (10%).
- Livingston’s rate has fallen by 2 points from 2008, while the rate has stayed flat in the region and the nation.
The mortality rate in Livingston has fallen more than the region and state:
- In 2013, the mortality rate was 670 per 100,000 residents, above the state rate of 620 and on par with the regional rate.
- However, the rate fell by 25% from 2000 to 2013, a steeper drop than in the region and state and the largest decrease of any county in the region.
The percent of Livingston County residents enrolled in Medicaid in 2013 – 16% - was lower than the state, region, and every regional county except Wyoming and Ontario. The rate has increased by 9 points since 2000, similar to the 10 point increase for the region.
The number of people admitted into alcohol and substance abuse treatment programs rose 73% from 2007 to 2014, as compared to decreases in the state and nation.
Median home values have stayed flat in Livingston, in contrast to large increases for state and the nation:
- From 2000 to 2010-14, the median home value in Livingston remained essentially unchanged, rising slightly from $118,600 to $119,200. This compares to a 14% increase nationally and a 40% increase statewide during that period.
- The regional median and most county medians fell slightly from 2000 to 2010-14.
- In 2010-14, the median home value in Livingston was lower than the median value in the region ($126,600), state ($283,700), and the nation ($175,700).
The median rent has fallen by 8% from 2000 to 2010-14. In 2010-14, the median was $710, compared to $920 nationally, $1,120 for the state, and $790 for the region.
Housing is particularly affordable in Livingston:
- Despite rising by 11% from 2000 to 2010-14, the ratio of median home value to median household income (which is a measure of housing affordability) was lower in 2010-14 (1.8) than the region (1.9), state (3.5), and nation (2.6).
- The ratio rose less in Livingston from 2000 to 2010-14 than the nation (up 22%), state (44%), and region (16%).
The share of household income that went to rent was 34% in 2010-14, slightly above the national rate (33%) but below the state (36%) and regional (35%) figures. Like all regional counties, the state, and nation, the Livingston rate rose from 2000 to 2010-14.
In 2010-14, Livingston’s homeownership rate was 74%, similar to rates in surrounding counties, but higher than the rates for the state (54%) and nation (64%).
Serious crimes have fallen and remain relatively low in Livingston:
- From 2000 to 2014, the rate of serious crimes in the region dropped 43% - more than the state, nation, and region - to 138 per 10,000 residents.
- In 2014, Livingston’s rate was below the national rate of 296, the state rate of 207, and the regional rate of 243.
Livingston’s violent crime rate has fallen by half since 2000 and now stands lower than the nation, state, and region:
- The rate fell by almost half to 7 per 10,000 residents in 2014, a larger drop than the nation, state, region, and every county except Wyoming.
- Livingston’s rate was the lowest in the region (tied with Yates) in 2014 and has consistently remained below state, national, and regional rates.
The rate of property crime was also low, at 131 per 10,000 in 2014, and has fallen by 42% since 2000.
Juvenile delinquency intakes in Livingston County have declined by 62% since 2000, compared to a 54% decline in the region. In 2014, there were 60 intakes per 10,000 children (ages 7-16), higher than the region, state, and nation figures.
Livingston had a relatively low rate of responses to 911 calls in 2014 (4,300 per 10,000 residents). The 9% decrease in the rate of responses since 2004 is in contrast to an increase in the region and nearly all other counties in the region.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research
Banner photo provided by Adrian "Bud" Prince/Livingston County Tourism, Demographic Photo provided by Bob Oswald/Livingston County Tourism