To understand a community's health status, we must look beyond the health of individuals to that of the population as a whole. A population approach to health considers a number of factors that interact to impact our health. Called the "determinants of health," these factors include the physical, social and economic environment in which we live, work and play, individual characteristics and behaviors, and our use of the health-care services.
This section takes a population-based approach to our region's health by exploring measures of access to health care, the prevalence of selected diseases, mortality rates and behavioral health practices.
The data suggest that our region fares better than others across the state in selected measures of access. We have lower uninsured rates and, despite a significant increase in enrollments in recent years, lower rates of people covered by Medicaid.
Sexually transmitted diseases remains a serious problem in the region. The share of residents living with HIV or AIDS increased since 2000 for all counties (with one exception, AIDS in Wyoming), although the advent of new drug treatments has dramatically changed the progress of the disease and increased the life expectancy of those affected.
The region's HIV and AIDS rates continued to be above state levels (excluding NYC) because of high rates in Monroe County. The region's chlamydia and gonorrhea rates exceeded those of the state, also because of higher rates in Monroe. The region's rate of reported chlamydia cases more than tripled since 2001, yet the rate of gonorrhea cases decreased by 57% since 2000. Reported rates of both infections were particularly high in the City of Rochester, about four and five times state rates.
Helpful Hints when Browsing this Section:
- The measures for this topic are listed under the "Topic Indicators" heading on this page.
- By clicking on any of these indicators, you can view the details relating to that measure, including the source of the data and any limitations.
- You can also create your own customized charts with this information.
- To gain a broader context for the measures, click on "Key Trends".
- For information about community efforts to address the issues presented by the indicators, click on "What's Being Done".
- "Resources" provides links to a variety of information sources.
Photo provided by Mary Holleran/Rochester Area Community Foundation. Banner photo provided by iStockphoto.com