Children & Youth
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels

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Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health

What does this measure?

The number of children under age 6 with blood lead levels 10 micrograms per deciliter or higher as a proportion of those tested within the year (either with a finger stick or venous blood screening). Only children who did not previously have an elevated blood lead level are included in this measure.

Why is this important?

Exposure to lead, even small amounts, significantly increases a child's risk of developing long-lasting cognitive, physiological and behavioral problems.

How is our region performing?

In 2015, 0.7% of children tested in the region had elevated blood lead levels, 43% lower than the rate in 2014 and an overall decline of 78% since 2000. The regional rate is slightly higher than the statewide and national rates, 0.4% and 0.5%, respectively. The rate in Monroe County was also 0.7%, the median rate among the region.

It is important to note that not all children are tested for lead, despite a state law requiring them to be tested. Statewide, about two-thirds of children are tested between 9 and 18 months of age.

Notes about the data

In recent years, rates of elevated lead levels for all counties in the region except Monroe are considered unstable by the Health Department because they are based upon small numbers, which makes it difficult to distinguish random fluctuation from true changes. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter, with a two-year lag.

Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
United States4.0%3.0%2.6%2.3%1.8%1.5%1.2%0.9%0.7%0.6%0.6%0.5%0.6%0.5%0.5%0.5%
NYS0.7%0.6%0.5%0.5%0.5%0.4%0.6%0.5%0.4%
NYS (excluding NYC)2.0%1.7%1.7%1.6%1.3%1.2%1.0%0.9%0.8%0.7%0.8%0.7%0.7%1.2%0.9%0.6%
Region3.2%2.8%3.1%2.7%2.0%1.9%1.8%1.4%1.3%1.1%1.1%0.8%0.8%1.4%1.2%0.7%
Monroe3.8%3.3%3.7%3.2%2.4%2.0%1.9%1.6%1.5%1.1%1.1%0.8%0.8%1.4%1.2%0.7%
Surrounding Counties1.9%1.8%1.8%1.6%1.2%1.5%1.4%0.9%0.9%0.9%0.9%0.7%0.8%1.3%1.3%0.8%
Genesee1.7%1.8%1.6%1.5%0.8%1.7%1.8%0.8%0.7%1.3%1.1%0.6%0.3%1.4%1.6%0.6%
Livingston0.7%1.8%1.8%1.5%1.6%2.2%0.6%1.2%0.9%0.3%1.2%0.3%0.5%1.0%1.1%1.3%
Ontario1.6%1.2%1.4%1.5%0.4%1.3%0.7%0.4%0.3%0.5%0.8%0.5%0.5%0.9%0.9%0.7%
Orleans3.4%3.8%3.0%2.0%2.7%2.5%2.2%3.4%2.5%1.8%1.7%1.3%1.9%1.1%2.5%0.8%
Seneca0.3%1.1%1.8%2.3%1.1%0.6%0.5%0.2%0.6%1.7%0.9%0.5%0.7%1.5%1.0%0.3%
Wayne1.9%1.4%2.0%1.3%1.3%1.5%1.5%0.9%1.0%0.8%0.6%0.7%1.0%1.4%0.9%0.4%
Wyoming2.1%0.3%0.9%1.1%1.4%0.7%1.9%0.6%0.9%0.2%0.3%0.8%0.9%1.3%2.1%0.9%
Yates4.0%3.7%2.8%3.7%3.2%1.3%3.2%0.6%3.0%2.9%2.4%1.5%0.6%2.7%2.1%2.0%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Proportion of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.




Number of Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
United States87,78276,99267,91470,23657,20454,05150,11737,28931,17226,56925,61722,15217,24612,79112,94212,149
NYS3,5393,0102,7172,9472,5752,3553,2052,6421,787
NYS (excluding NYC)3,6723,1783,1752,8052,5942,2832,0981,9011,6941,5761,7621,5921,5952,5441,9301,095
Region597505579511381341355280267210212158163274254126
Monroe48940747341430925927322120415114911211219116682
Surrounding Counties1089810697728282596359634651838844
Genesee12111196101566995313155
Livingston412101210154862924888
Ontario23172222619107581288131410
Orleans262718131511111913997106144
Seneca1479422137423641
Wayne2416251617192213151410121521146
Wyoming71556383512568135
Yates111081183102109852865

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, New York State Department of Health
Notes: Number of all children under 6 screened in a year and found to have elevated blood lead levels. Only children not previously identified with elevated lead levels are included.











Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS


INDICATORS - Grouped by Topic REGIONAL VALUE YEAR NYS COMPARISON TREND | REGION
Prenatal Care 80% 2016 3 1
Increasing
Prenatal Care, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Low Birth Weight Babies 7% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Low Birth Weight Babies, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Infant Mortality Rate 6.0 2014-16 2 0
Maintaining
Infant Mortality Rate, Race/Ethnicity, Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels 0.7% 2015 2 -1
Decreasing
Children in Poverty 20% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
Children in Poverty, Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families 39% 2013-17 2 1
Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect 18 2016 2 1
Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions 2.1 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Rate of Teen Pregnancy 2% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Arts and Culture Attendance 0 10 Not Applicable
Tourism Spending $1,368 2017 1 1
Increasing
Recreation Spending $76 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate 81% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate 58% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
Registered Library Borrowers 63% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Library Visits 6.0 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Contributions as a Percentage of Income 1.7% 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Households Without Vehicles 10% 2012-16 3 0
Maintaining
Total Population 0.9% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Population by Age 0 10 Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth, Ages 16-19 6% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income $53,369 2012-16 1 -1
Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty 14% 2013-17 3 1
Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Public Assistance Recipients 2.6% 2017 3 0
Maintaining
Approval Rate for Public Assistance Applications 26% 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Households Receiving SNAP 14% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Households Receiving SNAP by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Tax Filers Receiving Earned Income Tax Credit 16% 2016 3 0
Maintaining
EITC Dollars $177 2016 1 1
Increasing
Change in Total Jobs 0.5% 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Change in Number of Business Establishments by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Change in Jobs by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Sector Shares of Regional Total Employment 0 10 Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate 5% 2017 2 1
Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 3% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Change in Average Salary Since 2000 by Sector 0 10 Not Applicable
Employment-to-Population Ratio 73% 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Per-Capita Spending for Local Government $3,645 2016 0 1
Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation 44% 2016 2 1
Increasing
School Spending Per Student $22,208 2017 1 1
Increasing
Instructional Spending Per Student $15,778 2017 1 1
Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services 9% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English 43% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 English by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 English by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 Math 48% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 3 Math by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 3 Math by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 English 41% 2018 2 1
Increasing
Grade 8 English by Student Subgroup 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 English by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Grade 8 Math 47% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Regents Algebra 1 78% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Regents English 84% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate 85% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Cohort Graduation Rate, Beyond Four Years 87% 2017 3 1
Increasing
Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults 0 10 Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance 5% 2016 3 -1
Decreasing
Supply of Doctors 34.4 2016 1 1
Increasing
Mortality Rate 685 2016 1 -1
Decreasing
Chlamydia Rate 50 2016 3 1
Increasing
Chlamydia Rates within Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
Gonorrhea Rate 21 2016 2 0
Maintaining
Gonorrhea Rates within Monroe County 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living with HIV 104 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with HIV by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
People Living with AIDS 132 2016 0 1
Increasing
People Living with AIDS by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Percent of Days with Good Air Quality 0 10 Not Applicable
Alcohol-related Crashes 3 2017 2 -1
Decreasing
Median Home Value $130,597 2012-16 1 0
Maintaining
Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment by Primary Substance 0 10 Not Applicable
Median Rental Prices $807 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners 2.4 2012-16 3 0
Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Overall Housing Cost Burden 31% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Renters 35% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Homeownership Rate 68% 2012-16 3 -1
Decreasing
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Vacant Housing Units 9% 2012-16 3 1
Increasing
Homeless Persons 0 10 Not Applicable
Serious Crimes 214 2017 1 -1
Decreasing
Violent Crimes 28 2017 3 1
Increasing
Victims of Domestic Violence 54 2017 0 -1
Decreasing
Incarceration Rates 13.7 2017 2 0
Maintaining
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable
Arrest Rates 197.7 2017 3 -1
Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity 0 10 Not Applicable

Worse than NYS by 10% or more
Up to 10% worse than NYS
Equal to or better than NYS





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