Monroe County Data and Trends
Monroe County Data and Trends
Monroe County Report Card
The Monroe County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
- From 2000 to 2014, the population 85 and over grew by 37% in Monroe, as opposed to a 38% increase statewide and a 45% increase for the nation. In stark contrast, the City of Rochester saw a decline of 17% in this age group over that period.
- Monroe’s population between 60 and 84 grew by 31%, above the state but below the nation (41%) and region (35%). This age group in the City of Rochester increased by 15%; all other age groups decreased in population in the City of Rochester.
- The share of residents 20 and younger in Monroe fell by 12%, compared to a statewide decrease of 9% and a national increase of 2%. Monroe County is the most racially and ethnically diverse county in the region, and has become more diverse since 2000:
- The white population shrank by 3% in Monroe from 2000 and stood at 77% of the total population in 2014. This proportion is the same as the nation, above the state (70% white) and well below every other county in the region (all at 90% or above). Just 44% of Rochester residents were white.
- African Americans made up 16% of the population in Monroe, above the nation (13%) and below the state (18%). The proportion in Monroe was more than twice as high as every other county in the region. The African American population grew by 15% in Monroe from 2000 to 2014, slightly below the nation (18%) and well above the state (4%). Rochester’s African American population grew by 4% over that period. Rochester diverged dramatically from the county, with African Americans making up 42% of the total population.
- Monroe County also had a higher share of Hispanic residents than the surrounding counties (8%), but was below the state (19%) and nation (17%). Monroe’s Hispanic population has grown by 55% since 2000, slightly below regional and national rates. Monroe County has seen a decline in the share of households of married couples with children and an increase in singles with children and single-person households:
- In 2010-14, 17% of Monroe households were married with children, down from 22% in 2000. During the same period, households of those living alone rose by three points to 32% and singles with children rose 2 points to 12%.These changes were mostly similar in the nation, state and region.
- Monroe’s share of married with children households was smaller than the state (20%) and nation (21%), while its proportion of those living alone (32%) was higher than in the state (30%) and nation (28%).
- The City of Rochester had a much larger share of single-person households (40%) and a much smaller share of married with children households (9%) than Monroe as a whole.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
Monroe County is the center of the region's cultural scene and home to most of our area's museums, sports venues and other attractions. Visitors spent over $1 billion in 2014, an increase of 2% from 2005. Monroe’s tourism revenue accounts for 64% of the total for the region. Total tourism revenue per resident was $1,340, a decrease of 10% from its high in 2007, but above the amount for the surrounding counties as a whole ($1,180).
Spending by tourists on recreational activities was $61 per Monroe County resident in 2014, below the region ($67) and well below the state ($315).
Attendance at the 15 largest arts and cultural attractions in the region, most of which are in Monroe, rose by 27% from 2004 to 4.3 million total attendees in 2014. This is an increase of 16% from 2013. Professional sports team attendance, however, has fallen by 20% since 2000 and stood at 823,400 in 2014.
Children and Youth
Monroe County has a higher rate of children living in poverty than the nation, state, and region, driven primarily by child poverty in Rochester:
- In 2010-14, 23% of the county’s children lived in poverty, above the region (21%), state, and nation (both 22%). The child poverty rate in Rochester was a troubling 52% in 2010-14.
- The county’s poverty rate increased 7 points from 2000 to 2010-14; while a larger increase than the state and nation (2 and 5 points respectively), it was a much smaller increase than for the City of Rochester (15 points).
- Excluding the City of Rochester (i.e. the county outside of city), the child poverty rate in Monroe was just 10%, lower than the nation, region, state, and every county in the region.
Similar to the state and nation, Monroe County has seen an increase in the number of children living in single-parent families:
- In 2010-14, 41% of families were headed by single parents, up from 33% in 2000. The figures were dramatically higher in Rochester, where 70% of families were headed by one parent. Monroe’s rate was higher than for the nation (35%), state (37%), and region as a whole (39%).
- Monroe’s increase of 8 points from 2000 was above the nation (6 points) and state (4 points) and on par with the region.
Monroe had a large disparity in child poverty between races/ethnic groups:
- The child poverty rate for African Americans in Monroe was 51%, compared to 12% for white children, 18% for Asian children, and 45% for Hispanic children. Child poverty among the county’s African American children was higher than for the state and nation, while white child poverty was lower.
- The disparity between ethnic groups was smaller in Rochester, even though the rates were higher: Hispanic and African American children both had a poverty rate of 57%, while white children had a rate of 41%.
On several measures of early childhood health, the City of Rochester fared poorly compared to Monroe, the rest of the region, and the state:
- The rate of low birth-weight babies was higher in the city in 2013 (11.4%) than in the region (7.4%), the state (7.9%), and the nation (8.0%). The rate in Rochester has risen by a point from 2011, while the national, regional, and state rates have fallen or stayed steady.
- The infant mortality rate was dramatically higher in Rochester (11.1 per 1,000 live births) than the region (5.9), state (4.9), and nation (6.0), although the rate has been falling since 2007.
- There was a smaller discrepancy between the rate of mothers receiving early prenatal care, although Rochester (72%) was still below Monroe (80%), the region (78%), the state (75%), and the nation (74%).
Monroe consistently had the lowest rate of indicated cases child abuse and neglect in the region. Indicated cases are those reported and investigated where credible evidence of abuse or neglect is found:
- In 2014, there were 11 cases of abuse and/or neglect per 1,000 children, below the state and region (both 15).
- Monroe’s rate has fallen by 16% from 2000, in contrast to increases of 23% at the state level and 5% for the region.
The rate of foster care admissions is low and falling:
- In 2014, there were 2.0 foster care admissions per 1,000 children in Monroe, below the nation (5.4), state (2.3), and region (2.4).
- The rate has fallen by almost 50% from 2000, a greater decrease than for the region and state.
The teen pregnancy rate has sharply declined in Monroe and Rochester, but a large discrepancy between the two remains:
- In 2013, 3.2% of all females ages 15-19 in Monroe became pregnant, lower than for the state (3.7%) but higher than the region (2.9%). In Rochester, the rate was 7.5%.
- The rates for Rochester and Monroe have been falling in step with the state and region, with 2013 rates about half the level of 2000.
Voter registration in Monroe exceeds state rates:
- In 2014, 79% of eligible voters were registered to vote, on par with the region and above the state (76%).
- The voter registration was slightly higher following the 2008 election, but has since fallen and stands at 1 point below the rate in 2000.
Voter participation in Monroe, like the region, outperforms the state:
- In the 2014 midterm elections, 35% of eligible voters in Monroe voted, same as the region and 10 points above the state turnout.
- During the 2012 presidential election, Monroe’s turnout rate of 57% was slightly above the region (55%) and the nation (54%) and well above the state (46%).
Monroe County had the highest level of charitable giving in the region, with the average donor contributing $1,050 in 2013. However, this was well below the average giving for the state ($1,640) and nation ($1,270). Monroe’s rate has fallen by 24% since 2002, above the 11% drop for the state and the nation.
Donations to two of the largest regional charities, the United Way and the Rochester Area Community Foundation, have fallen by 26% from 2000 to 2014 though compared to a recession low in 2009, they are up 70% to a combined total of $64.5 million.
Monroe’s unemployment rate has remained lower than the state and nation throughout the recession and its aftermath:
- Unemployment grew from 4.4% in 2007 to 8.0% in 2010. Since 2010, the rate has dropped to 5.8% -- 2.3 points lower than at its peak but more than 2 points above the rate in 2000.
- Rochester, whose rate has consistently been above that of Monroe, peaked at 10.8% in both 2010 and 2012 and now stands at 8.0% - higher than the nation, state, region, and every county in the region. The gap between Rochester’s rate and Monroe’s rate was at its lowest in 2000 (1 point higher in Rochester), and has since grown to a difference of more than 2 points in 2014.
Monroe County is the anchor of the regional economy, supplying 68% of the region's jobs in 2014. Overall, Monroe lost 1% of its jobs since 2000, although the number of jobs has risen by 3% from a low in 2010. Monroe’s overall decrease from 2000 is in contrast to an increase of 12% for the nation and 13% for the state over that period.
Reflecting the steady shrinkage of manufacturing in the region and the state, the largest sectors in Monroe County in 2014 were Health Care and Social Assistance; Trade, Transportation, and Utilities; and Professional and Business Services; each making up about 15% of the county’s jobs.
Monroe’s economic performance (measured by total jobs) has lagged behind the state and nation in most sectors:
- Monroe’s Education sector increased by 44% from 2001 to 2014, similar to the national and regional increases and above the state increase.
- Similar to the state and nation, Monroe has seen a dramatic decline in its Manufacturing sector, losing 46% of jobs from 2001 to 2014. The decrease was more than for the state (down 33%) and nation (down 23%) over that period.
- Monroe has also seen a larger contraction in the Information sector (37%) than the state (14%) and nation (18%).
While still the highest in the region, Monroe’s average salary has fallen while the region’s has stayed flat:
- Monroe County's average salary, at $47,500 in 2014, was the highest in the region but lower than the state ($65,900) and nation ($51,400).
- Since 2000, the average salary in Monroe (adjusted for inflation) has declined by 2%, counter to the increases in the surrounding counties (10%), state (7%) and nation (6%). The regional average salary stayed flat from 2000 to 2014.
- Salaries fell in several sectors, including Information and Manufacturing, but they were up substantially in Government; Financial Activities; and Health Care and Social Assistance.
Monroe County students perform near state levels on state tests, however, a persistent and extreme disparity exists between the county and the Rochester City School District, its largest district. Most of the other districts in Monroe perform at or above state averages, while Rochester is consistently ranked among the bottom 10 performing districts in the state.
- For example, 7% of RCSD students passed the 3rd grade reading test in 2015, compared to 31% statewide and 30% for Monroe. The discrepancy was even higher for 4th grade math – Rochester at 9%, versus 43% for the state and 45% for Monroe.
- Performance was even lower for 8th grade exams – in reading, just 1% of Rochester students passed, compared to 22% statewide and 17% regionally, while for 8th grade reading, 4% of Rochester students passed, compared to 35% statewide and 33% for Monroe and the region.
- The same discrepancy was present for performance on high school Regents – 37% passed math and 57% passed English in Rochester, versus 64% and 82% passing in math and English respectively in Monroe.
In 2014, 82% of students across Monroe graduated on time, 1 point higher than in 2008. The rate was above the state (79%) but below the region (84%). In contrast, just 51% of Rochester students graduated on time; while up from 48% in 2014, the rate is 1 point lower than in 2008.
Monroe County consistently has the highest levels in the region of educational attainment among adults. In 2010-14, 65% of county residents 25 and older had attended at least some college, 7 points above the state and national figures. There was also a higher concentration of adults with a bachelor’s or higher - 36% - in Monroe than in the state (34%), nation (29%), and region (31%). Only 10% of Monroe residents lacked a high school diploma or equivalent, a lower proportion than statewide or nationwide.
Spending per student by school districts in Monroe has increased 35% since 2000, a smaller increase than for the state (44%) and the region (39%). In 2014, Monroe school districts spent $19,900 per student, below the state rate of $21,800 and on par with the region. Spending in the Rochester district was $21,500 per student in 2014, an increase of 33% since 2000.
Median household income has fallen faster than the nation, state, and region:
- In Monroe, median income fell by 18% from 2000 to 2010-14, a larger drop than for the region (6%), state (5%), and nation (10%).
- In 2010-14, median income was $52,500, slightly above the region ($52,300), but below the state ($58,700) and nation ($53,500). Monroe’s median income was above most other counties in the region (except Ontario and Wyoming). Rochester’s median income was much lower, at $30,800 in 2010-14.
- There was a vast discrepancy in Monroe between median income for white residents ($58,800) versus African American ($27,400) and Hispanic ($29,300) residents. While median income was lower for each ethnicity in Rochester, the discrepancy was less ($38,600 for whites versus $23,600 for African Americans and $22,100 for Hispanics).
Monroe’s poverty rate was on par with the nation, state and region at 15% in 2010-14.
- Monroe’s rate rose by 4 points from 2000, a greater increase than the state (1 point) and nation (3 points) and on par with the region.
- Rochester had both a much higher poverty rate in 2010-14 (34%) and a sharper increase since 2000 (8 points).
A larger portion of Monroe residents received temporary assistance than other counties:
- In 2014, 4.5% of Monroe residents received temporary assistance, well above the State (2.9%) and region (3.4%). The rate has not changed much since 2001.
The rate of people receiving emergency food rose at a slower rate than the region:
- In 2014, there were 5.9 emergency meals served per resident: lower than the state (7.4), region (7.1), and every county in the region besides Livingston.
- The rate rose by 77% from 2000, a smaller increase than the region (126%) but larger than the state (1%).
Monroe County had a smaller proportion of people without health insurance than the nation and state:
- In 2013, 9% of Monroe residents lacked health insurance, compared to 10% for surrounding counties and the region as a whole, 12% for the state, and 17% for the nation.
- Like the nation and region as a whole, Monroe’s rate was unchanged from 2008.
In 2014, there were 42 doctors per 10,000 residents in Monroe, a rate above the state and almost three times the rate for the surrounding counties.
Monroe has a large and growing percent of the population enrolled in Medicaid:
- In 2013, 22% of Monroe residents were enrolled in Medicaid, slightly above the region but below the state.
- The rate rose steadily from 12% in 2000; the 10 point increase matches the region but is less than the increase statewide (13%).
Monroe saw a decline (18%) in its overall mortality rate and much larger reductions in mortality from certain diseases:
- In 2013, the mortality rate was 650 per 100,000 residents, higher than the state (620) but below the rate for the surrounding counties (700).
- From 2000 to 2013, there were even greater declines in mortality from heart disease, cancer, respiratory disease, and stroke.
Monroe’s rate of chlamydia infections was the highest in the region and slightly above the state, while the rate of gonorrhea infections and people living with HIV were both several times higher than for surrounding counties. The rate of chlamydia infections more than doubled from 2001 to 2014, while the rate of gonorrhea infections fell by half. The rate of people living with HIV has risen steadily and stands at 74% above the rate in 2000.
Median home values in Monroe have remained basically flat since 2000:
- In 2010-14, the median home value in Monroe was $136,600, higher than the region ($126,600) but below the state ($283,700) and nation ($175,700).
- The median home value (inflation-adjusted) rose by 1% from 2000 to 2010-14, in contrast to a 4% decline in the region, and larger increases in the state and nation (40% and 14% respectively).
- The median home value in Rochester was just $76,600 in 2010-14, a 10% decline from 2000.
In 2010-14, median rent in Monroe was $820, lower than the state ($1,120) and nation ($920), but the highest in the region. Rent fell slightly (6%) in Monroe from 2000 to 2010-14, in contrast to increases in the state and nation (17% and 8% respectively).
Homes are relatively affordable in Monroe compared the state and nation:
- In 2010-14, the ratio of median home value to median income - a measure of housing affordability - was 1.9 in Monroe, on par with the region and well below the state (3.5) and nation (2.6). A ratio less than 2 or 3 is considered affordable.
- Monroe’s ratio rose by 18% from 2000 to 2005-09 but has held steady since. This is in contrast to extreme increases for the state and nation from 2000 to 2005-09, followed by moderate declines from 2005-09 to 2010-14.
Housing has become less affordable for renters:
- In 2010-14, Monroe renters spent 37% of their income on rent, above the state (36%) and nation (33%). However, the rate increased less (6 points) than in the state (8 points) and nation (7 points) from 2000 to 2010-14. Rent is considered affordable if it is less than 30% of income.
- In Rochester, 44% of income went to rent in 2010-14, up 8 points from 2000; while median rent was lower in Rochester than Monroe, median income was much lower, therefore rent was relatively less affordable in Rochester.
- Rent was considerably more affordable for white and Asian renters in Monroe than for Hispanic and African American renters.
In Monroe, the homeownership rate was slightly higher than the state and nation but much lower than for surrounding counties (driven by a very low rate in Rochester):
- In 2010-14, 65% of occupied housing units in Monroe were owner-occupied, higher than in the state (54%) and nation (64%). The rate in Monroe remained unchanged from 2000.
- In Rochester, the rate was just 38%, and has declined by 2 points since 2000.
Overall, crime has fallen in Monroe, but remains higher than most counties, driven primarily by extremely high crime rates in the City of Rochester:
- In 2014, there were 284 serious crimes per 10,000 residents in Monroe, slightly below the nation but above the state (207) and region as a whole (243). In Rochester, the rate was 502. Serious crime rates fell by about a third for the city, state, nation, and Monroe from 2000 to 2014.
- Similarly, the rate of property crimes in Monroe in 2014 (255 per 10,000) was slightly below the nation and above the state and region, while Rochester’s rate (422) was much higher. Property crime fell by about a third for the state, nation, and region, while the rate fell by about 40% in both Monroe and Rochester.
- In contrast to other types of crime, violent crime rates have increased in Rochester and Monroe while decreasing statewide and nationally. In 2014, there were 30 violent crimes per 10,000 residents in Monroe, below the state and nation (both 37). Rochester’s rate of 80 was more than twice as high as the nation, state, region, and every regional county, and rose by 9% from 2000 to 2014.
Despite falling over the past 5 years, the rate of domestic violence was higher than the state and region:
- In 2014, there were 63 reported victims of domestic violence per 10,000 residents in Monroe, a higher rate than the state (44) and region (54). The rate in Rochester was almost twice as high as in Monroe (111).
- The rate in Monroe fell by 19% from 2009 to 2014, a greater decrease than the state and region. Rochester’s rate has also fallen since 2009, by 28%.
Monroe's rate of juvenile delinquency intakes declined 50% between 2000 and 2014, to 52 per 10,000 children ages 7–16. This rate was slightly below the state and region as a whole.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research.