Seneca County Data And Trends
Seneca County Data And Trends
Seneca County Report Card
The Seneca County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Click on the picture below for the full report.
Seneca has population growth, growing revenue from tourism, and increases in jobs and average salaries over the last decade. Housing is affordable. Yet students in Seneca are lagging their peers across the state on most state tests and graduated at lower rates. While overall crime rates have declined, violent crime increased. A relatively low share of Seneca residents receives temporary assistance (welfare), and application approval rates are the lowest in the region.
Seneca’s had the second highest population growth in the region, increasing 6% since 2000 to about 35,200 residents in 2011. Seneca’s population was the smallest in the region after Yates County. Over the decade, the region and state saw population growth of 2% and 3% respectively, while the nation’s population grew by 11%.
Similar to regional trends, Seneca County's population is aging. The number of adults 40 to 59 years old, the largest segment of the population, increased by 12% from 2000 to 2011 and the number of residents age 85 and older increased by 28%. Contrary to state and regional trends, Seneca experienced a relatively small decline in the population of residents under the age of 20 (-9%), and the number of residents 20-39 years old increased by 2%, making Seneca the only county in the region to experience growth in that age group.
There were increases in minority populations in Seneca County, especially the African American population, although the county remained 93% white. From 2000 to 2011, the African American population more than doubled, while Seneca’s Hispanic and Asian populations also increased, by 59% and 15%, respectively.
Seneca County has seen a decline in the share of households made up of married couples with children and an increase in some other types of households. In 2007-11, about 18% of households in the county were composed of married couples with children, down from 23% in 2000. Households of singles with children households made up 12%.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
Seneca County has experienced the second largest increase in tourism revenue in the region between 2005 and 2010. In 2010, $43.3 million was spent on tourism in the county, a 34% increase from 2005. In 2010 tourism revenue per resident was $1,230, compared to the regional figure of $1,180. However, recreational tourism revenue fell 23% from $47 per resident in 2005 to $39 in 2010.
Children and Youth
In 2007-11, 16% of children in Seneca County were living in poverty, compared with 19% in the region and 20% in the state. Seneca’s proportion of children living in poverty did not change since 2000.
Consistent with regional trends, Seneca County has experienced an increase in the proportion of single-parent families since 2000. In 2007-11, the percentage of single-parent families rose 10 points to 40%, the largest increase and highest rate in the region. The rate of child abuse and neglect has decreased in Seneca to 25.2 cases per 1,000 children, but remains one of the highest rates in the region and higher than the state (18.6).
Teen pregnancy has declined slightly from 5% of 15- to 19-year-old in 2000 to 4.3% in 2010. Seneca had the second highest rate of teen pregnancy in the region after Monroe, though its rate was lower than the state.
Seneca had the second lowest rate of early prenatal care in the region in 2010, with 66% of mothers accessing early care, a 7-point drop since 2000.
Voter registration in Seneca County lagged behind state and regional rates. In 2011, 74% of voting age adults was registered, below the 79% for the region and 76% for the state. In the 2008 presidential election, 55% of voting-age residents voted, below the regional rate of 62% and the national rate of 57%, but above the state rate of 51%. In 2010, voter turnout was 38%, below the region and but above the 32% for the state.
Charitable giving in Seneca County was the second lowest in the region after Wyoming. On average, Seneca County donors gave $442 in 2008, a 25% decline since 2002. As a percent of income, Seneca donors gave 1% of their income in 2008.
Seneca experienced 8% job growth since 2001—the second highest rate of growth in the region. Of the sectors that experienced growth, Financial Activities (32%) and Government (25%) grew at the highest rates. Declines were experienced in Information jobs (-47%) and Leisure and Hospitality jobs (-4%).
Like other counties in the region, Seneca has seen an increase in its unemployment rate from 5.5% in 2008 to 7.7% in 2011, below the state rate of 8.2% and the national rate of 8.9%. The total number of unemployed in Seneca County has doubled since 2000, increasing from 680 to nearly 1,290 residents in 2011.
Seneca County's average salary increased nearly 6% since 2000 to roughly $36,700. New York State posted growth of about 5% over the period, with an average salary of about $61,800 in 2011.
The percentage of 4-years old participating in prekindergarten programs was 38% in Seneca County, about even with the region and above the 31% in the state. Participation increased 13 percentage points since 2001, compared to increases of 28 points in the region and 16 in the state.
Students in Seneca did not perform as well as those in other counties on most key state tests. For example, in 2011, Seneca had the lowest percentage of students passing Regents English (87%) and Regents Math (82%) in the region, though those passing rates were above state levels. About 76% of Seneca students graduated on time (in 4 years)—the lowest rate of graduation in the region and even with Monroe but above 74% statewide.
Seneca County adults age 25 and over had less formal education than adults in the region, state or nation. In 2007-11, 49% of adults in Seneca had attended at least some college, compared to 59% in the region and 57% in the state and nation. However, Seneca's rate was up from 43% of adult residents in 2000. Seneca also had the highest percentage of adults with less than a high school diploma (17%) in the region, down from 21% in 2000.
Spending per student by school districts in Seneca County has increased 68% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation. In 2011, Seneca school districts spent $20,900 per student, the highest level of spending in the region and above the state rate of $20,400.
Similar to the rest of the region, incomes in Seneca County have not kept pace with inflation and have worsened in light of the 2008 recession. Seneca County's median household income in 2007-11 was about $47,300, lower than the state ($57,000) and the nation ($52,800). Adjusted for inflation, the county's median income has declined 6% since 2000, while the state median decreased 3%.
The rate of people living in poverty in Seneca increased only slightly from 2000 to 12% in 2007-11, compared to 13% in the region and 14% in the nation.
Seneca had a 27% decline in the rate of residents receiving temporary assistance between 2001 and 2011, the largest decline in the region. Seneca’s approval rate for public assistance applications was the lowest in the region at 25%, compared with 30% in the region and 41% in the state (excluding New York City). Similar to other counties in the region, the number of people receiving emergency food increased in Seneca County to 15.3 per resident, a 53% increase and the largest rate in the region.
In 2010, 13% of Seneca County residents under the age of 65 lacked health insurance, above the regional rate of 11%, but lower than the state (14%) and the nation (18%). The percentage of residents enrolled in Medicaid increased by 7 percentage points in Seneca between 2000 and 2011 to 16%.
Like other counties in the region, Seneca has seen declines in mortality rates since 2000. Seneca County residents had declines in mortality rates from heart disease (-40%), cancer (-36%) and stroke (-33%). Seneca had the highest rate of increase in mortality rates from chronic lower respiratory disease in the region (19%).
Seneca County has experienced an increase in the number of reported cases of chlamydia infections, in line with regional and state trends. In 2011, Seneca had 89 cases, up from 39 in 2001. Despite a 10% decrease since 2001, Seneca had the highest rate for mental health clinic visits in the region at 8.6 per 1,000 residents, compared to 6.7 in the region and 6.3 in the state.
A rural county, Seneca County had the lowest rate in our region of doctors per 10,000 residents at 6 in 2009. This was substantially less than the regional rate (28) and state rate (34).
Homes in Seneca County have largely retained their value, with the median value decreasing just 1% since 2000. In 2007-11, Seneca had a median home value of about $90,600 — lower than the national figure ($186,200) and much lower than the state ($301,000).
In 2007-11, the homeownership rate in Seneca was 77%, an increase of three points from 2000. This rate was higher than the region (74%), state (58%) and nation (68%).
Seneca is affordable for both home owners and renters. Rent consumed about 29% of median household income in 2007-11, below the 30% threshold for affordability. The ratio of median home value to income increased slightly to 1.67, but remained below the level of 2 or 3 considered affordable.
Crime rates mostly declined in Seneca County over the decade. Seneca saw decreases in serious crimes (-7%), property crime (-11%), and other reported crimes (-32%). However, from 2000 to 2011, the number of violent crimes (a subset of serious crimes) per 10,000 residents doubled.
Similar to declines in the state and region, Persons in Need of Supervision (PINS) petitions in Seneca decreased substantially since 2000, from 30 in 2000 to 5 in 2011. The number of juvenile delinquency intakes in Seneca also decreased from 2000 to 2011 by more than 50%.
Incidences of fire decreased slightly throughout the decade. From 2001 to 2011, Seneca’s rate of fires per 10,000 residents decreased by 4% to 60, down from a peak of 72 in 2008. In 2011, the rate was above the rate of the region and surrounding counties and second only to Wyoming County.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research