Seneca County Data And Trends
Seneca County Data And Trends
Seneca County Report Card
The Seneca County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Click on the picture below for the full report.
Formed in 1804, Seneca is a geographically small county located southeast of Rochester, between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes. Seneca is well known as the home to the 1848 Seneca Falls Women’s Rights Convention, a pivotal first step in the modern Women’s Rights Movement.
While Seneca is the second smallest county by population and smallest by area in the Finger Lakes Region, its population has grown more than the region and every regional county besides Ontario. Seneca was also the only county in the region to see a decrease in its child poverty rate from 2005-09 to 2010-14. However, Seneca has a particularly low rate of prekindergarten participation and lags behind its peers across most state tests.
Seneca County had the second highest population growth in the region:
- Seneca’s population grew by 4.6% from 2000 to 2014, a greater increase than the state (4.1%) and region (1.6%) but below the nation (13%).
- Seneca’s population in 2014 was 34,900 – just 3% of the total regional population – and was the second smallest county by population in the region.
Like other counties in the region, Seneca County’s population is aging:
- Seneca’s population 85 and older grew by 41% from 2000 to 2014, below the growth in the nation (45%) but above growth for the state and region (both 38%). Seneca also had a large increase (29%) in the number of residents ages 60 to 84 – below the nation (41%) and region (35%) but above the state (25%).
- Seneca’s population under 20 fell by 13%, just below the region (14%) but above the loss for the state (9%) and in contrast to a 2% increase nationally. However, the number of residents ages 20 to 39 grew by 2%, in contrast to decreases in the state (1%) and region (5%).
All ethnic groups in Seneca grew in population, but growth was faster for minorities:
- The comparatively small number of Asian, African American, and Hispanic residents grew from 2000 to 2014, while the number of white residents remained essentially flat. The African American population grew by 140%, well above increases for the state (4%) and region (14%).
- However, Seneca remained overwhelmingly white (92% of total population): in 2014, African Americans and Hispanics made up just 5% and 3% of the total population respectively.
The share of households with married couples fell from 2000 to 2010-14, while the share of households with residents living alone grew:
- In 2010-14, 17% of households were composed of married couples with children, a 6-point decrease from 2000. Similarly, proportion of households with married couples without children fell slightly from 31% in 2000 to 29% in 2010-14.
- From 2000 to 2010-14, households with residents living alone grew from 25% of the total to 30%, a greater increase than the state, region and nation.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
Arts, Culture and Leisure
Between 2005 and 2014, total tourism revenue grew more than the state and region, while revenue per resident fell:
- In 2014, there was $1,400 in tourism revenue per resident, below the state ($3,160) but above the region ($1,280). From 2005, tourism revenue per resident grew by 44%, more than the increase for the state (15%) and region (5%).
- Tourism revenue in Seneca ($49 million) made up 3% of the region’s total tourism revenue, a share in line with its relative population. From 2005, Seneca’s total revenue grew by 43%, a larger increase than the region (6%) and every county in the region besides Yates.
However, recreational spending per resident has fallen since 2005 and is lower than the state and region:
- In 2014, there was $44 in recreation spending per resident in Seneca, lower than the state ($315) and region ($67). Revenue per resident fell by 14% since 2008, a larger decline than the state (down 3%) and on par with the region.
Children and Youth
The child poverty rate is relatively low and has increased less than the state, nation and region:
- In 2010-14, the child poverty rate in Seneca was 17%, lower than the region (21%), state, and nation (both 22%). Seneca had a lower rate than all counties in the region but Ontario and Wyoming.
- The child poverty rate rose by 3 points from 2000 to 2005-09 before falling by 2 points from 2005-09 to 2010-14 (for a total increase of 1 point from 2000). Seneca was the only county in which the child poverty rate fell from 2005-09 to 2010-14, in contrast to the 4-point increase regionally and the 2-point increase statewide during that period.
The rate of single-parent families has increased since 2000, but by less than the region:
- In 2010-14, 35% of Seneca families were headed by single parents, lower than the state (37%) and region (39%). Seneca’s rate was on par with the average for the counties surrounding Monroe.
- The rate of single-parent families increased by 9 points in Seneca from 2000 to 2005-09, then fell by 4 points from 2005-09 to 2010-14. Like for the child poverty rate, Seneca’s decrease from 2005-09 to 2010-14 was in contrast to increases across the board in the state, nation, region and every regional county.
Seneca’s rate of child abuse and neglect was higher than the state and region:
- In 2014, there were 29.6 cases of abuse and neglect per 1,000 children in Seneca – well above the state (16.5) and region (15.2), and higher than any other county in the region.
- Seneca’s rate has increased by 9% since 2000, less than the state (23%) but higher than the regional increase (5%).
Teen pregnancy fell by half from 4.8% of 15- to 19-year-olds in 2000 to 2.4% in 2013. Seneca’s rate in 2013 was below the region (2.9%) and state (3.7%).
Seneca was lagging in mother accessing early prenatal care, with 72% of mothers in 2013 accessing early care (1 point below its rate in 2000). Seneca’s rate in 2013 was below that of the state (75%) and region (78%).
Voter registration in Seneca County lagged behind state and regional rates:
- In 2014, 72% of voting-age adults were registered, below 79% for the region and 76% for the state.
- The registration rate fell by 15 points from 2000 – by far the largest drop in the region, and a greater decrease than the state and region (both 3 points).
In the midterm election of 2014, 33% of voting-age residents voted, just below the region (35%) but above the state (25%). Similarly, Seneca’s turnout of 47% in the 2012 presidential election was below the region (55%) but just above the state (46%).
In 2013, charitable giving in Seneca County, at $510 per tax return, was the third lowest in the region after Orleans and Wyoming. Average charitable giving is down 17% from 2002, a larger decrease than the state (11%) but less than the region (23%).
While the unemployment rate has recovered somewhat since the recession, it remains higher than in 2000:
- In 2014, the unemployment rate in Seneca was 5.7%, lower than the nation (6.2%), state (6.3%), and region (5.8%).
- The unemployment rate has fallen by 2.5 points since its peak in 2010 (8.2%) – a greater drop over that period than the state and region – but still remains 1.5 points above its low in 2000.
Job growth since 2001 has outpaced the region and most regional counties:
- The total number of jobs grew 11% from 2001 to 2014 in Seneca, a larger increase than the region (2%) and similar to the state (13%) and nation (12%).
- The Manufacturing sector neither lost nor gained jobs from 2001 to 2014, in contrast to large decreases for the nation, state, and region. The number of Construction jobs also stayed flat, while the number of Government jobs rose by 17%, versus decreases of 2% each for the state and region.
- In 2014, the largest sector was Trade, Transportation, and Utilities (19% of the total); Governmental and Manufacturing jobs accounted for 18% and 15% of the total nonfarm workforce respectively.
Salary growth in Seneca was well above the state, nation, and region, although the average salary remained lower than the nation, state, and region in 2014:
- In 2014, the average salary in Seneca was $44,400, compared to $51,400 for the nation, $65,900 for the state, and $45,100 for the region.
- The average salary grew by 22% from 2000 to 2014 even after adjusting for inflation – a greater increase than the nation (6%), state (7%), region (flat) and every other county in the region. Seneca’s growth was more than double the salary growth for the surrounding counties as a whole (10%).
Seneca’s prekindergarten participation rate was very low compared to the state and region:
- In 2014, just 27% of eligible children were enrolled in prekindergarten, compared to 44% for the state and 40% for the region.
- Seneca’s participation rate rose just 2 points from 2001, in contrast to increases of 29 points for the state and region.
Students in Seneca consistently underperformed on Common Core-aligned tests compared to their peers in the state and region:
- In 2015, the percent of students passing 3rd grade reading, 4th grade math, and 8th grade math and reading were all below state and regional figures.
Seneca students performed relatively better on Regents tests:
- In 2014, 71% of students passed the Math Regents, compared to 70% for the region and 72% for the state.
- Seneca’s pass rate for English Regents in 2014 (85%) was above the region (84%) and the state (82%).
Seneca’s graduation rate has improved but still remains below the region:
- In 2014, the graduation rate in Seneca was 83%, below the region (84%) but above the state (79%).
- The rate rose by 10 points from 2008, a greater increase than the state (5 points) and region (3 points).
Adults in Seneca were less educated than in the nation, state or region:
- In 2010-14, 52% of Seneca residents aged 25 and older had attended at least some college, lower than in the region (61%), nation, and state (both 58%).
- Seneca also had a particularly low rate of adults who had attained a bachelor’s or higher (20%) compared to the state (34%) and region (31%).
- The percent of adults who were high school dropouts was higher in Seneca (15%) than the region (10%) but on par with the state.
Spending per student by school districts in Seneca County has increased 67% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation – a greater increase than the state, region and every county in the region. In 2014, Seneca school districts spent $21,900 per student, above every county in the region, the region as a whole, and the state.
Like the state, region and nation, median household income in Seneca has been falling relative to inflation:
- In 2010-14, the median household income in Seneca was $48,900, below the nation ($53,500), state ($58,700), and region ($52,300).
- Median income fell by 7% from 2000 to 2010-14, a bit more than decreases in the state (5%) and region (6%) but below the national decline (10%).
The poverty rate rose from 2000 to 2010-14, but remains relatively low:
- In 2010-14, 13% of Seneca residents lived below the poverty line, compared to 16% for the state and nation and 14% for the region.
- The rate rose by 2 points from 2000 to 2010-14, a greater increase than the state (1 point) but below the nation and region (both 4 points).
Despite increasing from 2001, the rate of people receiving temporary assistance was lower than the state and region:
- In 2014, 1.5% of Seneca residents received temporary assistance, versus 2.9% statewide and 3.4% in the region.
- The rate rose by 0.6 points from 2001 to 2014, a greater increase than the region (0.3 points) and in contrast to a 0.7 point decrease for the state.
In 2014, Seneca had a higher rate of people receiving emergency food (14 meals per resident) than the state (7.4), region (7.1), and every regional county besides Yates. The rate rose by 44% from 2001, which was a smaller increase than for the region (126%) and every county in the region.
The rate of residents in Seneca lacking health insurance has fallen steadily since 2008:
- In 2013, 10% of Seneca residents lacked health insurance, a lower proportion than the state (12%) and nation (17%) but the same as the region (10%).
- The rate dropped 4 points from 2008 to 2013, a larger drop than the state (down 1 point) and in comparison to an unchanged rate for the nation and region over that time.
The percent of people enrolled in Medicaid rose in Seneca since 2000, but less than the region and state:
- In 2013, 18% of Seneca residents were enrolled in Medicaid, versus 27% statewide and 20% in the region.
- The proportion rose by 9 points from 2000, a smaller increase than statewide (13 points) and for the region (10 points).
Seneca’s mortality rate has fallen in step with the state and region:
- In 2013, there were 650 deaths per 100,000 residents, a higher rate than the state (620) but below the region (670).
- The rate fell by 24% from 2000 to 2013, a larger decrease than statewide (22%) and for the region (18%).
Seneca County experienced a large increase in the number of reported cases of chlamydia infections, in line with regional and state trends. In 2014, Seneca had 364 cases per 10,000 residents, more than three times as high as the 112 in 2001. Seneca’s rate rose by 32% just from 2013 to 2014.
A rural county, Seneca County had the lowest concentration of doctors in the region (7 doctors per 10,000 residents). This was substantially less than the regional (32) and state (37) rate.
The median home value in Seneca was much lower than the state, nation, and region:
- In 2010-14, the median home value in Seneca was $95,400, compared to $175,700 for the nation, $283,700 for the state, and $126,600 for the region.
- Median home value fell by 1% from 2000 to 2010-14, a smaller decrease than the region (4%) but in contrast to increases nationally (14%) and statewide (40%).
In 2010-14, the homeownership rate in Seneca was 73%, a decrease of 1 point from 2000. This rate was higher than the region (68%), state (54%) and nation (64%).
Seneca is more affordable for home owners than for renters. Rent consumed 35% of median household income in 2010-14, above the threshold for affordability of 30%. The ratio of median home value to income increased slightly from 2000 through 2010-14, to 1.6, but remained below the state (3.5), nation (2.6), and region (1.9).
The rate of serious crimes in Seneca has stayed flat, in contrast to decreases for the state, nation, and region:
- In 2014, there were 206 serious crimes per 100,000 people, below the nation (296) and region (243), and on par with the state. However, Seneca’s rate was above all but one of the counties surrounding Monroe.
- The serious crime rate held steady from 2000, in contrast to large decreases for the state, region, and nation.
Although lower than the state, nation, and region, Seneca’s violent crime rate rose by 76% from 2000, versus decreases in the state and nation and a 1% increase for the region. The rate rose by more than any other county in the region.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research