Wayne County Data and Trends
Wayne County Data and Trends
Wayne County Report Card
The Wayne County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Trends in Wayne County largely mirror the region, with declining median income, increasing child poverty and an aging population. Yet homes are affordable and most crime rates are falling. Although tourism revenue is low and declining, the county is home to some interesting spots, including Chimney Bluffs State Park and Hill Cumorah, an historic site that hosts an annual Mormon pageant.
Wayne’s population has decreased slightly since 2000, while several other counties in the region experienced slight increases. With roughly 92,500 residents in 2013, Wayne accounted for 7.6% of the region’s population.
Wayne County's population is aging. The number of adults 40 to 59 years old, the largest segment of the population, increased by 7% from 2000 to 2013, compared to increases of 6% in the region, 9% in the state, and 17% in the nation. Those aged 60 to 84 years old grew 40%, and adults aged 85 and older grew 26%. Similar to other counties in the upstate region, Wayne has experienced substantial declines in its number of youths and younger adults: 17% among residents 20 to 39 and 18% among people under 20.
Wayne’s Asian and Hispanic populations have grown over the last decade, though the county remained 94% white. From 2000 to 2013, Hispanic residents increased by 61%, overtaking the African American population as the largest minority group in the county, while Asian residents grew by 34%.
In 2009-13, 32% of Wayne County households were composed of married couples without children, 21% were married couples with children and 11% were single with children households, similar to the region, state and nation.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
While most counties in the region have seen an increase in tourism, Wayne has experienced a decrease. In 2013, $35.7 million tourism dollars were spent in the county, a 21% decline in inflation-adjusted dollars from 2005. As a result, Wayne County had the lowest per-resident spending on tourism in the region at $390, compared to the regional figure of $1,250. Wayne County experienced a similar decrease in recreational tourism revenue, dropping from $29 per resident in 2005 to $18 in 2013.
Children and Youth
In 2009-13, 16% of children in Wayne County were living in poverty, lower than the regional rate of 20%. The proportion of children living in poverty rose from 11% in 2000. The rates varied by race and ethnicity, as 14% of children from white households in the county lived in poverty, compared to higher rates for African American, and Hispanic children.
Consistent with regional trends, Wayne County has experienced an increase in the proportion of single-parent families since 2000. In 2009-13, 34% of families were headed by single parents, up from 28% in 2000. The rate of child abuse and neglect has also increased in Wayne to 18 cases per 1,000 children, higher than both the rate for the region and state.
The rate of pregnancies among 15- to 19-year-olds declined slightly throughout the decade from 4.9% to 3.4% in 2012. Wayne had the second highest rate of teen pregnancy in the region, though its rate was below the state’s.
In 2012, the proportion of mothers accessing early prenatal care fell slightly to 72%, below the state rate of 74% and the regional rate of 77%. In addition, 6.3% of all babies in 2012 had low birth weights, lower than the regional and state rates.
Voter registration in Wayne County exceeded state rates. In 2013, 79% of voting-age adults were registered, compared to 79% for the region and 76% for the state. In 2012, 52% of voting age residents voted, below the region and nation but above the 46% for the state, and the lowest rate of the last four presidential elections.
Charitable giving in Wayne County lagged behind some regional counties, but exceeded others. On average, Wayne County residents gave about $590 in 2012, a 27% decline since 2002. As a percent of income, Wayne donors gave 1.2% of their income in 2012, consistent with other rates in the region outside of Monroe.
Total jobs declined by 6% from 2000 to 2013, compared to a very small increase in the region and gains of 11% in the state and 10% in the nation. Wayne County has been part of the larger transition from a manufacturing to a knowledge-based industry. Between 2000 and 2013, Wayne County experienced the most job growth in the Construction (17%) and Financial Activities (22%) sectors. Government grew 9%, and became the largest sector in the region, with 24% of all jobs, while Manufacturing fell 18% in 2013.
Wayne has one of the higher unemployment rates in the region, at 7.5% in 2013, compared to 7.7% in the state and 7.4% in the nation. The total number of unemployed in Wayne County has almost doubled since 2000, increasing from 1,850 to 3,500 residents.
Wayne County's average salary, adjusted for inflation, increased 9% from 2000 to 2013 to roughly $39,200, the fourth greatest percentage increase in the region from 2000 to 2013 after Ontario, Orleans and Seneca. New York State posted growth of about 3.8% over the period, with an average salary of about $63,100 in 2013. Wayne had the fourth highest salary in the region, after Monroe, Seneca, and Ontario.
Spending for county government increased in Wayne over the decade by 24%, while local government and school district spending remained flat. Wayne spent $3,300 per resident on school districts in 2013, the highest amount in the region and in line with the statewide (excluding NYC) rate.
Students in Wayne performed at a lower level compared to those throughout the state on elementary level state tests, with some higher results for secondary level exams. For example, on the new 4th grade math exam linked to Common Core standards, 34% of students in Wayne passed, lower than the 42% statewide. However, 84% of Wayne students passed the state Regents math exam compared to 74% of students statewide in 2013. About 86% of Wayne students graduated on time (in 4 years), compared to 82% in the region and 78% statewide.
Wayne County adults age 25 and over had less formal education than in the region, state or nation. In 2009-13, 53% of adults in Wayne had attended at least some college, compared to 60% in the region and 58% in the state and nation. However, Wayne's rate was up from 46% of adult residents in 2000.
Spending per student by school districts in Wayne County has increased 39% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation. In 2013, Wayne school districts spent $19,300 per student, the third highest level of spending in the region after Seneca and Monroe, though less than the state rate of $21,100.
Similar to the rest of the region, incomes in Wayne County have not kept pace with inflation and have worsened in light of the 2008 recession. Wayne County's median household income in 2009-13 was about $52,600, lower than the state ($58,000) and slightly higher than the nation ($53,000). Adjusted for inflation, the county's median income has declined 15% since 2000, while the state median decreased 4%. Median incomes varied greatly between ethnic and racial groups, with the median income for African American residents roughly less than half that of white residents.
Wayne County had more residents living in poverty in 2009-13 than in 2000, along with the rest of the region. In 2009-13, 11% of Wayne residents had incomes below the poverty line, compared to 9% in 2000.
Similar to trends in other regional counties, Wayne experienced an increase in the number of residents receiving temporary assistance, up 29% between 2001 and 2013. In 2013, Wayne served 9.1 emergency meals per resident—more than quadruple the number served per resident in 2000.
In 2010, 10% of Wayne County residents under the age of 65 lacked health insurance, even with the regional rate but lower than the state (13%) and the nation (17%). Since 2000, the proportion of people enrolled in Medicaid increased by 11 points to 17% in 2013, one of the largest increases in the region.
Like other counties in the region, Wayne has seen an overall decline in mortality rates since 2000. Wayne County residents had declines in mortality rates from heart disease (29%), cancer (12%), lower respiratory disease (33%) and stroke (49%).
Wayne County has experienced an increase in the number of reported cases of chlamydia infections, in line with regional and state trends. In 2013, Wayne had 267 cases reported per 100,000 residents. After Monroe, Wayne had the highest rate of people living with HIV in our region at 63 per 100,000 residents.
Wayne had the highest growth rate in the region (55%) for mental health clinic visits, growing to 5.3 per 1,000 residents in 2011.
Wayne County residents have less access to physicians, with the second lowest rate of doctors per 10,000 residents in the region. In 2010, Wayne had 8 doctors per 10,000 residents, down from 10 in 2002. This was substantially less than the regional rate (28 per 10,000 residents) and state rate (35 per 10,000 residents).
Homes in Wayne County fell in value between 2000 and 2009-13, from $113,800 to $109,300, a 4% decline. This was lower than the national median of $176,700 and the statewide median of $288,200.
In 2009-13, the homeownership rate in Wayne was 79%, a slight increase from 2000. This rate was higher than the region (69%), state (54%), and nation (65%). Homeownership rates were higher among white residents (80%) than African American residents or Hispanic residents.
Wayne County housing remained affordable for renters and homeowners. The ratio of median home value to median income was 1.8 in 2009-13, below the 2 or 3 considered affordable. Since 2000, rent as a percentage of household income has increased by 5 percentage points to 33% in 2009-13.
Wayne saw a 14% decline in serious crimes, a 16% decline in property crime and a 50% decline in less serious crimes, similar to the state. However, from 2000 to 2013, violent crimes (a subset of serious crimes) increased by 22%. After Monroe, Wayne had the second highest rate of domestic violence in the region, with 64 reports per 10,000 residents in 2013.
The rate of juvenile delinquency intakes in Wayne decreased between 2000 and 2013, falling 22% to 121 per 10,000 children between 7 and 16. This was higher than the rates of 46 for the state and 70 for the region.
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research
Banner and Environment Photo provided by Peter "Skippy" Bushnell