Wayne County Data and Trends
Wayne County Data and Trends
Wayne County Report Card
The Wayne County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Wayne County had a larger increase in average salary over the past decade than the state or nation and a relatively high graduation rate at 86%. Yet, the county has lost jobs, median household income has declined and child poverty has increased, as has been true for most counties in the region.
Wayne’s population has changed very little since 2000, while several other counties in the region experienced slight increases. With roughly 93,000 residents in 2012, Wayne accounted for 8% of the region’s population.
Wayne County's population is aging. The number of adults 40 to 59 years old, the largest segment of the population, increased by 10% from 2000 to 2012, compared to increases of 7% in the region, 10% in the state, and 17% in the nation. Those age 60 to 84 years old grew 36%, and adults aged 85 and older grew 25%. Similar to other counties in the upstate region, Wayne has experienced substantial declines in its number of youths and younger adults: 17% among residents 20 to 39 and 16% among people under 20.
Wayne’s Asian and Hispanic populations have grown over the last decade, though the county remained 94% white. From 2000 to 2012, Hispanic residents increased by 60%, overtaking the African American population, while Asian residents grew by 26%.
In 2008-12, 33% of Wayne County households were composed of married couples without children, 22% were married couples with children and 11% were single with children households, similar to the region, state and nation.
Arts, Culture and Leisure
While most counties in the region have seen an increase in tourism, Wayne has experienced a decrease. In 2012, $35.7 million tourism dollars were spent in the county, a 20% decline in inflation-adjusted dollars from 2005. As a result, Wayne County had the lowest per-resident spending on tourism in the region at about $380, compared to the regional figure of $1,220. Wayne County experienced a similar decrease in recreational tourism revenue, dropping from $29 per resident in 2005 to $18 in 2012.
Children and Youth
In 2008-12, 16% of children in Wayne County were living in poverty, lower than the regional rate of 19%. The proportion of children living in poverty rose from 11% in 2000. The rates varied by race and ethnicity, as 13% of children from white households in the county lived in poverty, compared to higher rates for African American, and Hispanic children.
Consistent with regional trends, Wayne County has experienced an increase in the proportion of single-parent families since 2000. In 2008-12, 34% of families were headed by single parents, up from 28% in 2000. The rate of child abuse and neglect has also increased in Wayne to 20 cases per 1,000 children, higher than both the rate for the region and state.
The rate of pregnancies among 15- to 19-year-olds declined slightly throughout the decade from 4.9% to 3.7% in 2011. Wayne had the third highest rate of teen pregnancy in the region, though its rate was below the state’s.
In 2011, the proportion of mothers accessing early prenatal care fell slightly to 74%, on par with the state rate but still below the regional rate of 77%. In addition, 6.8% of all babies in 2011 had low birth weights, lower than the regional and state rates.
Voter registration in Wayne County exceeded state rates. In 2012, 80% of voting-age adults were registered, compared to 82% for the region and 78% for the state. In the 2008 presidential election, 59% of voting age residents voted, below the regional rate of 61%, but above the state rate of 52% and the national rate of 57%. In 2012, voter turnout dropped to 52%, below the region and but above the 46% for the state.
Charitable giving in Wayne County lagged behind some regional counties, but exceeded others. On average, Wayne County donors gave $574 in 2008, the fourth highest in the region and a 27% decline since 2002. As a percent of income, Wayne donors gave 1.2% of their income in 2008, consistent with other rates in the region.
Total jobs declined by 8% from 2000 to 2012, compared to a 4% loss in the region and gains of 1% in the nation and state. Wayne County has been part of the larger transition from manufacturing to knowledge-based industry. Between 2000 and 2012, Wayne County experienced the most job growth in the Construction (21%), Natural Resources (17%), Leisure and Hospitality (16%), Education (13%) and Government (8%) sectors. Similar to the rest of the region, Wayne lost jobs in Information and Manufacturing (24% and 27%, respectively), though greatest job loss was in Professional Services (54%).
Wayne has one of the higher unemployment rates in the region, at 8.6% in 2012 compared to 8.5% in the state and 8.1% in the nation. The total number of unemployed in Wayne County has more than doubled since 2000, increasing from 1,850 to over 4,000 residents.
Wayne County's average salary, adjusted for inflation, increased 9% to roughly $38,600, the third greatest percentage increase in the region from 2000 to 2012 after Orleans and Seneca. New York State posted growth of about 5% over the period, with an average salary of about $62,700 in 2012. Wayne had the fourth highest salary in the region, after Monroe, Seneca, and Ontario.
Spending for county government and school districts increased in Wayne over the decade by 19% and 10%, respectively, while local government spending remained flat. Wayne spent nearly $3,500 on school districts in 2012, the highest amount per resident in the region and higher than the state (excluding NYC) rate of $3,300.
Students in Wayne performed at a lower level compared to those throughout the state on elementary level state tests, with some higher results for secondary level exams. For example, on the new 4th grade math exam linked to Common Core standards, 30% of students in Wayne passed, lower than the 36% statewide. However, 86% of Wayne students passed the state Regents math exam compared to 71% of students statewide in 2012. About 86% of Wayne students graduated on time (in 4 years), compared to 82% in the region and 77% statewide.
Wayne County adults age 25 and over had less formal education than in the region, state or nation. In 2008-12, 52% of adults in Wayne had attended at least some college, compared to 60% in the region and about 57% in the state and nation. However, Wayne's rate was up from 46% of adult residents in 2000.
Spending per student by school districts in Wayne County has increased 38% since 2000, after adjusting for inflation. In 2012, Wayne school districts spent $18,900 per student, the second highest level of spending in the region after Seneca, though less than the state rate of $20,900.
Similar to the rest of the region, incomes in Wayne County have not kept pace with inflation and have worsened in light of the 2008 recession. Wayne County's median household income in 2008-12 was about $53,500, lower than the state ($57,700) and slightly higher than the nation ($53,000). Adjusted for inflation, the county's median income has declined 12% since 2000, while the state median decreased 4%. Median incomes varied greatly between ethnic and racial groups, with the median income for African American residents roughly less than half that of white residents.
Wayne County had more residents living in poverty in 2008-12 than in 2000, along with the rest of the region. In 2008-12, 11% of Wayne residents had incomes below the poverty line, compared to 9% in 2000.
Similar to trends in other regional counties, Wayne experienced an increase in the number of residents receiving temporary assistance, up 23% between 2001 and 2012. In 2012, Wayne served 8.1 emergency meals per resident—quadruple the number served per resident in 2000.
In 2010, 11% of Wayne County residents under the age of 65 lacked health insurance, even with the regional rate but lower than the state (14%) and the nation (18%). Since 2000, the proportion of people enrolled in Medicaid increased by 10 points to 16% in 2012, one of the largest increases in the region.
Like other counties in the region, Wayne has seen an overall decline in mortality rates since 2000. Wayne County residents had declines in mortality rates from heart disease (27%), cancer (11%), lower respiratory disease (22%) and stroke (40%).
Wayne County has experienced an increase in the number of reported cases of chlamydia infections, in line with regional and state trends. In 2012, Wayne had 276 cases reported per 100,000 residents. After Monroe, Wayne had the highest rate of people living with HIV in our region at 59 per 100,000 residents.
Wayne had the highest growth rate in the region (55%) for mental health clinic visits, growing to 5.3 per 1,000 residents in 2011. Wayne also had the highest rate of obesity in the region at 72% of adults, higher than the rate for the state (excluding NYC) and nation.
Wayne County residents have less access to physicians, with the second lowest rate of doctors per 10,000 residents in the region. In 2010, Wayne had 8 doctors per 10,000 residents, down from 10 in 2002. This was substantially less than the regional rate (28 per 10,000 residents) and state rate (35 per 10,000 residents).
Homes in Wayne County retained their value. In 2008-12, Wayne had a median home value of about $108,500, just below the 2000 level. But that was lower than the national figure ($181,400) and much lower than the state ($295,300).
In 2008-12, the homeownership rate in Wayne was 77%, a slight decrease from 2000. This rate was higher than the region (69%), state (54%), and nation (66%). Homeownership rates were higher among white residents (78%) than African American residents or Hispanic residents.
Wayne County housing remained affordable for renters and homeowners. The ratio of median home value to median income was 1.7 in 2008-12, below the 2 or 3 considered affordable. Since 2000, rent as a percentage of household income has increased by 3 percentage points to 31% in 2008-2012.
Wayne saw a decline in serious crimes (18%), property crime (20%), and less serious crimes (47%), similar to the state. However, from 2000 to 2012, violent crimes (a subset of serious crimes) increased by 7%. After Monroe and Seneca, Wayne had the third highest rate of domestic violence in the region despite a 15% decrease since 2009, with 55 reports per 10,000 residents in 2012.
Similar to declines in the state and region, the rate of Persons in Need of Supervision (PINS) in the county has decreased substantially since 2000. Wayne's rate of PINS petitions declined by 48%, from 5.9 per 1,000 youth in 2000 to 3.1 in 2012.
The rate of juvenile delinquency intakes in Wayne decreased between 2000 and 2012, reaching a decade low of 78 intakes per 10,000 children (ages 7-16) in 2012. This was on par with the rate of 77 for the state and above the 65 for the region.
Incidences of fire decreased slightly throughout the decade. From 2001 to 2012, Wayne’s rate of fires per 10,000 residents decreased by 9% to 53, down from a peak of 70 in 2008. In 2012, the rate was above the rate for the region (49) and nation (44).
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research
Banner and Environment Photo provided by Peter "Skippy" Bushnell