Wyoming County Data and Trends
Wyoming County Data and Trends
Wyoming County Report Card
The Wyoming County Report Card aggregates data from more than 100 community indicators on the site and use symbols, colors and arrows to provide a quick, at-a-glance overview of the well-being of the county. This data cover the topics of Arts, Culture and Leisure, Children and Youth, Community Engagement, Economy, Education, Financial Self-Sufficiency, Health, Housing, and Public Safety.
Formed in 1841, rural Wyoming County lies in the southwest corner of the Finger Lakes Region. Wyoming is home to a large portion of the picturesque Letchworth State Park, as well as the notorious Attica State Prison. The county has had the greatest decline in population since 2000, yet its tourism website boasts of being home to “more cows than people.” Wyoming’s total number of jobs has remained flat since 2001, and its unemployment rate is higher than the state, nation, and region as a whole. However, bright spots include high student performance on some state tests, the highest graduation rate in the region, and steep drops in crime rates since 2000.
Wyoming experienced the greatest population decline in the region:
- From 2000 to 2014, Wyoming lost 5.1% of its total population. This is a greater decline than any county in the region, and compares to population increases for the state (4.1%), nation (13%), and region as a whole (1.6%).
- In 2014, Wyoming was home to 41,200 residents, making it the third smallest county in the region. Wyoming accounted for just over 3% of the region’s total population.
Similar to other counties in the upstate region, Wyoming has experienced substantial declines in its number of youths and young adults, as well as growth in its older population:
- The number of Wyoming residents between the ages of 60 and 84 grew by 34% from 2000 to 2014, in line with the increase for the region and slightly less than the national increase. The share of adults aged 85 and older grew by 10%, a much smaller increase than the state, nation, and region.
- Over the same period, the number of residents under 20 years of age fell by 24% - the greatest decline in the region behind Orleans – and the number of residents aged 20 to 39 declined by 17%, tied with Orleans for the sharpest drop in the region.
Wyoming’s minority populations grew slightly from 2000 to 2014, versus much larger increases nationally, statewide, and for the region:
- The number of white residents declined by 6%, the African American population increased 2%, the Asian population increased 6% and the Hispanic population rose by 4% from 2000 to 2014.
- In 2014, Wyoming was 92% white, less diverse than the region as a whole (83% white) but more so than most counties surrounding Monroe.
In 2010-14, Wyoming had a smaller share of married couples with children (18%) and a larger share of married couples without children (34%) than the region, state, and nation. Wyoming’s share of married couples with children dropped precipitously from 26% of total households in 2000.
Arts and Culture
Tourism revenue per resident has increased but remains below the state and region:
- In 2014, tourism revenue was $940 per resident, compared to $3,160 statewide and $1,280 for the region.
- Wyoming’s rate in 2014 was higher than in any year since 2005, and is 12% higher than the rate in 2005.
Recreation spending per resident ($140) in 2014 was higher than the region ($70) and most regional counties, but below the state ($320). The rate fell by 3% from 2005 to 2014, compared to a drop of 12% for the region.
Children and Youth
The child poverty rate in Wyoming has increased since 2000 but is the second lowest in the region:
- In 2010-14, 15% of children in Wyoming lived below the poverty line, compared to 22% nationally and statewide, and 21% in the region.
- From 2000 to 2010-14, the child poverty rate rose by 3 points in Wyoming, a larger increase than the state (2 points) but below increases in the nation (5 points) and region (7 points).
Wyoming’s rate of single-parent families grew dramatically from 2000:
- In 2010-14, 36% of Wyoming families were headed by a single parent, above the nation (35%) but below the state (37%) and region (39%).
- In contrast to the rate in 2010-14, 24% of Wyoming families were headed by a single parent in 2000, the lowest in the region. From 2000 to 2010-14, the rate grew by 12 points, tied with Orleans for the greatest increase in the region and a greater increase than the nation (6 points), state (4 points), and region (8 points).
In 2013, 76% of Wyoming mothers received prenatal care in the first trimester, higher than the nation (74%) and state (75%) but below the region (78%). Wyoming’s rate fell by 5 points from 2012 to 2013, greater than any regional decrease and in contrast to modest increases for the state and region.
In 2013, Wyoming’s rate of low birth weight babies (4%) was half of the national and state rates, and below the region (7%). The rate fell by 4 points from 2012 to 2013.
While the rate of child abuse and neglect fell from 2000 to 2013, a sharp increase (61%) from 2013 to 2014 erased any progress. The 2014 rate of 22 per 1,000 children was above the state (17) and region (15) and stood 13% higher than in 2000.
In 2013, the rate of teen pregnancy in Wyoming was 2.4%, below the state (3.7%) and region (2.9%). The rate fell by 43% from 2000, a slightly smaller decrease than for the state and region.
Wyoming County had one of the lower voter registration rates in the region:
- In 2014, 75% of voting-age adults were registered to vote, unchanged from 2012 and 2013. The registration rate in Wyoming was lower than the state (76%) and region (79%).
- The registration rate fell by 4 points from 2000, slightly more than the state and region (3 points).
Similar to the region and state, voter turnout has been decreasing in Wyoming:
- In the 2014 midterm elections, voter turnout in Wyoming was 35%, above the state (25%) and on par with the region. Turnout was down 3 points from the 2010 midterms.
- In the 2012 presidential election, the voter turnout rate was 49%, below the region (55%) and nation (54%) but above the state (46%). This was the lowest turnout rate of the last four presidential elections, all of which had turnout rates in Wyoming above 54%.
Average charitable donations fell by 35% from 2002 to 2013 in Wyoming, the largest decrease in the region and a greater decrease than the state and nation (both down 11% over that period). In 2013, the average donation was around $450, below the regional ($910) and the state ($1,640) averages.
Despite a large rebound in the unemployment rate following the Great Recession, unemployment remains above the state, nation, and region:
- In 2014, the unemployment rate in Wyoming was 6.5%, above the nation (6.2%), state (6.3%), and region (5.8%).
- The rate fell by almost 3 points from its peak in 2010 – a greater decrease than the state and region. However, the rate remained 2 points above its low of 4.8% in 2000.
While the total number of jobs in Wyoming stayed flat from 2001 to 2014, there were significant changes in individual sectors:
- From 2001 to 2014, there was no change in the total number of jobs in Wyoming. This compares to a 12% increase nationally, a 13% increase statewide, and a 2% increase for the region.
- Over that period, the Professional and Business Services sector tripled – the largest increase in the region – while the Manufacturing and Information sectors declined by 26% and 18% respectively (comparable to the region).
- In 2014, the largest sector was Government, accounting for almost 25% of all jobs in the county. Other large sectors were Trade, Transportation, and Utilities, and Manufacturing.
Wyoming’s average salary grew more than the state, nation, and region, but remained relatively low:
- From 2000 to 2014, Wyoming’s average salary grew by 8%, compared to a 6% increase nationally, 7% increase statewide, and no change for the region.
- Wyoming’s average salary in 2014 was $39,500, lower than the nation ($51,400), state ($65,900), and region ($45,100).
Wyoming’s rate of prekindergarten participation remains far below the state and region:
- In 2014, just 23% of eligible children participated in prekindergarten programs, compared to 44% for the state and 40% for the region. Wyoming’s rate was the lowest in the region.
- The rate of prekindergarten participation grew by 16 points from 2001, a smaller increase than the state, nation, and region. Wyoming’s rate fell by 8 points from 2012 to 2014, compared to a 1 point drop regionally and 14 point increase statewide over that period.
Wyoming had mixed results on key common core-aligned state tests, outperforming the state on some but below on others:
- In 2015, 52% of Wyoming 4th graders passed the math test, more than the state (43%), region (45%), and every regional county besides Genesee. However, just 23% of 3rd graders passed the English test, compared to 31% statewide and 29% for the region (Wyoming had the lowest rate in the region besides Yates and Orleans).
- Similarly, 8th graders in Wyoming outperformed their peers statewide and regionally in 2015 on the English test, but fared worse than the state and region for the math test.
Performance on the Regents tests were more consistent:
- In 2014, 88% of Wyoming students passed the Regents English test and 85% passed the math test, compared to 82% statewide for English and 72% statewide for math. Wyoming students also outperformed the region and most regional counties.
Wyoming’s four year high school graduation rate in 2014 was 89%, higher than for the state (79%) and region (84%).
In Wyoming, adults were less educated than nationally, statewide, or for the region:
- In 2010-14, 47% of residents over 25 had attended at least some college, lower than for the region (61%), state, and nation (both 58%). Only Orleans had a lower rate of college attendees in the region.
- High school graduates made up 40% of the adult population, more than in the nation (28%), state (27%), and region (29%).
Spending per student by school districts in Wyoming is increasing:
- In 2014, districts spent on average $20,000 per student, below the state ($21,800) but slightly above the region ($19,800).
- Per student spending increased by 37% from 2000 to 2014, slightly less than statewide and regionally. However, spending increased by 8% just from 2013 to 2014, more than statewide, regionally, or for any county in the region.
Like the state, region, and nation, Wyoming’s median household income has been falling:
- In 2010-14, median household income in Wyoming was $53,000, slightly below the nation ($53,500) and lower than the state ($58,700) but slightly above the region ($52,300). However, median income was higher in Wyoming than any regional county besides Ontario.
- From 2000 to 2010-14, median household income fell by 6%, less than the nation (down 10%), slightly above the state (down 5%), and on par with the region.
Wyoming’s poverty rate was tied for the lowest in the region:
- In 2010-14, 10% of Wyoming residents lived below the poverty line, compared to 14% for the region and 16% statewide and nationally. Wyoming’s rate was the lowest in the region, tied with Ontario.
- The poverty rate rose by 2 points from 2000 to 2010-14, below the increase for the region (4 points) and nation (3 points).
Wyoming had the lowest regional rate of people receiving temporary assistance:
- In 2014, just 0.8% of Wyoming residents received temporary assistance, well below the state (2.9%) and regional (3.4%) rates. Wyoming’s rate was the lowest of all of the regional counties.
- Wyoming’s rate was unchanged from 2001, compared to a small regional increase (0.3 points) and a decrease statewide (0.7 points).
In 2014, there were 7.1 emergency meals served per resident, on par with the region and slightly below the state (excluding NYC) rate of 7.4. Wyoming’s rate has doubled since 2000, a smaller increase than the region (126%) but more than the state (1%).
In 2013, 10% of Wyoming residents under 65 lacked health insurance, lower than the nation (17%) and state (12%) and on par with the region. The rate fell by 3 points from 2008 to 2013.
Despite rising from 2000, Wyoming has a relatively low rate of people enrolled in Medicaid:
- In 2013, 15% of Wyoming residents were enrolled in Medicaid, compared to 27% statewide and 20% in the region. The rate was tied with Ontario for the lowest in the region.
- Wyoming’s rate rose by 8 points from 2000, a smaller increase than the state (13 points), region (10 points), and every county in the region.
The mortality rate in Wyoming is higher than the state and region:
- In 2013, there were 760 deaths per 100,000 residents, a higher rate than the state (620) and region (670). Wyoming had the highest mortality rate in the region besides Orleans.
- The rate fell by 11% from 2000 to 2013, a smaller decrease than for the state (22%) and region (18%).
Similar to other counties in the region, Wyoming saw an increase in the rate of chlamydia infections, almost tripling from 67 per 100,000 in 2001 to 200 in 2014.
The number of people admitted into alcohol or substance abuse treatment programs fell by 11% in Wyoming from 2007 to 2014, a greater decrease than the state, region, and every regional county.
Median home values have fallen slightly and remain lower than the state, region, and nation:
- In 2010-14, the median home value in Wyoming was $101,800, lower than for the nation ($175,700), state ($283,700), and region ($126,600).
- Wyoming’s median home value fell by 2% from 2000 to 2010-14, compared to increases nationally (14%) and statewide (40%) but a smaller decrease than in the region (down 4%) over that period.
Median rent in Wyoming, at $590 in 2010-14, was lower than nationally ($920), statewide ($1,120), and regionally ($790). Wyoming’s rent was also lower than every county in the region. Median rent fell by 13% from 2000 to 2010-14, a greater decrease than the region (6%) and in contrast to increases for the nation (8%) and the state (17%).
In 2010-14, the homeownership rate in Wyoming was 75%, on par with nearby counties and above the regional (68%), state (54%) and national (64%) rates. The homeownership rate fell by 2 points from 2000 to 2010-14.
Housing in Wyoming was affordable for owners and renters:
- Wyoming’s ratio of median home value to median income – a measure of housing affordability – was at 1.63 in 2010-14, lower than the state (3.50), nation (2.58), and region (1.88).
- The ratio is unchanged from 2000, in contrast to increases in the state (44%), nation (22%), region (16%), and every regional county.
Rent was more affordable in Wyoming (28% of income going to rent) in 2010-14 than the nation (33%), state (36%), region (25%), and every county in the region.
Wyoming had lower crime rates, and larger drops in its crime rates, than the nation, state, and region:
- In 2014, there were 92 serious crimes per 10,000 residents in Wyoming, much lower than the nation (296), state (207), region (243), and every regional county. Wyoming’s rate fell by 64% from 2000 to 2014, the largest decrease in the region and a greater drop than for the nation, state, and region (all around 30%).
- Similarly, Wyoming’s rate of violent crime (9 per 10,000) was lower than the state, nation (both 37), and region (23). The rate fell by 66% from 2000 to 2014, a greater decrease than the state and nation and in contrast to a 1% increase regionally.
- In 2014, there were 83 property crimes per 10,000 residents, well below the nation (260), state (170), and region (220), and much lower than every other county in the region (the next lowest was in Yates, with 115). Wyoming’s rate fell by 64% from 2000 to 2014, a greater decrease than the state, nation, region, and every regional county.
In contrast to its remarkable progress in reducing crime, the rate of domestic violence victims more than doubled from 2009 to 2014, in contrast to decreases for the state (excluding NYC) and region. However, Wyoming’s rate (26 victims per 10,000 residents) was still lower than the state (44) and region (54).
In 2014, Wyoming had the second lowest rate of juvenile delinquency intakes in the region. Wyoming's juvenile delinquency intakes rate of 30 per 10,000 children (ages 7-16) was well below the state’s (54) and lower than the region’s (55). From 2000 to 2014, Wyoming’s rate fell by 71%, a greater decline than for the region (54%) and state (44%).
Note: Data research and analysis completed by the Center for Governmental Research
Banner photo provided by Peter "Skippy" Bushnell. Photo provided by Arcade & Attica Railroad/Patrick D. Connors